Fifteen genera are found in North America, mostly across the southern states. White vervain is native to North America. White Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. Take a photo and Your email address: (required) When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. Vervain belongs to the Verbenaceae plant family and is also called herb of the cross, herb of grace, Juno’s tears, and enchanter’s plant. Spotted Horse Mint Aarongunnar 1 0. Blue Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. I can send photos if you want. Thanks for helping me to find out what was in my flower bed. Bright blue flowers on reddish-tinted plants, in multiple, long-lasting, handsome spikes. It emits no scent. white vervain This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Soil Conditions. tiny and easily overlooked. Nebraska has several types of vervain (prostrate, white, and blue), most of which have similar growth forms and habits as hoary vervain. Discover thousands of New England plants. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. County documented: documented Leaves are opposite and unlobed, deeply veined, with irregular teeth. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust White Vervain Verbena urticifolia . • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Help Me Identify My Plant. We depend on post One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. incarnata (Raf.) ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species … Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. White Vervain. Weed ID Guide, Weed Science Program. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Blue Vervain has more narrow leaves and its flowers are conspicuously blue, rather than bright white. State documented: documented Its botanical name, urticifolia, refers to the resemblance it has to another common plant, nettle (Urtica spp. Fruits form below the flowers and become more widely spaced as the spike elongates. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade; thickets, edges of woods. The Urtica -like leaves were the reason for the scientific name urticifolia. Verbena urticifolia L. var. Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta Vervain family (Verbenaceae) Description: This short-lived perennial plant is up to 3½' tall, branching occasionally. This flower is perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden. post This showed up summer of 2014 in my flower bed. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. The stems are erect, slender, 20 ″ to 60 ″ tall, moderately to strongly four-angled, and usually branched near the base. 2020 White Vervain, Verbena urticifolia, is an easily overlooked flower of summer because the flowers are small and only a few open at a time.The flowers grow in spikes, the leaves are opposite, coarsely toothed, and egg-shaped. Lanceolate to ovate in shape and up to 6 inches long and 2.5 inches wide, coarsely serrated or crenate margins. Dicot Perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena. The stem is known to be usually hairy. White Vervain resembles two of its relatives, Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain) and Verbena officinalis (European Vervain). Just past bare mulch. They are moderately to densely covered with spreading, straight or somewhat curved hairs. 3×8. populations both exist in a county, only native status Blue Vervain - Verbena hastata. (Wetland indicator code: It is on the W side near N end. It is a slender plant that has toothed leaves. The lower leaf surface is p… What does the vervain plant look like? The petal lobes are somewhat unequal, the 2 upper slightly smaller than the lower 3; the lower lobe is notched at the tip. I collaborated with other Anoka County Master Gardeners to identify it. Identification: This is an annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial forb. It has pale flowers and leafless spikes and tastes bitter. 1. ). The spikes elongate as the plant matures, with flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers open near the tip. This herbaceous species is a perennial which means it has an average lifespan of two or more years. We depend on All rights reserved. VT. Fields, roadsides, forest borders, open rights-of-way, 
riparian forests. ; V. urticifolia L. var. Vervain is of two types – blue vervain and white vervain. Worldwide, there are about 75 genera and 3,000 species, including teak wood (Tectona) and the fast-growing "white teak" (Gmelina). Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Citation ** Basionym: ** Type: ** ** Not applicable or data not available. Verbena hastata Tufted Loosestrife Aarongunnar 1 0. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Blue Vervain. a sighting. One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. There is a gradual change in appearance of the leaves from the base (or near the base) of the plant to those from further up on the stem, with leaves progressively changing as one moves higher on the stem (often becoming shorter, or less toothed/lobed, and/or with shorter petioles). General aches a… Leaves are opposite and leaf blades are ovate with many teeth. Identification: Flowers small, white, with a tubular corolla and 5 free petal lobes. we found it while weeding rain garden in front of Champlin City Hall last week. I was not sure what it is, but this site helped me figure it out. The vervain mallow flower has five white to pink petals with five green sepals. Found blooming on 18 July near Cross Lake in Chengwatana Township, Pine County. Copyright: various copyright holders. ×‌engelmannii is shown on the map. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Identification: Plants are 16-40" (40-101 cm) tall, with a main stem that is hairy, hollow, and roughly square in cross-section. American Bellflower Aarongunnar 1 0. Depending on the geographic location, the blooming period occurs anywhere from late spring to late summer and lasts between one to two months. Moldenke; V. urticifolia L. var. A wonderful butterfly magnet, vervain is also valued for its herbal properties. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Your help is appreciated. Hoary Vervain’s flowers are also slightly bigger than Blue Vervain’s. Also covers Pale Jewelweed Aarongunnar 1 0. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). to exist in the county by Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from The taproot (perennial structure) produces individual erect plants. This grows in an untamed area of our lot. Verbena urticifolia. white vervain. the state. Attachment is opposite, There are sometimes small leaflets at the leaf axils. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. Thanks for your understanding. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. Verbena The Go Botany project is supported in 20 years). US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Arkansas Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. Blue vervain, in particular, is a hot item in the Everwilde store! Only Verbena is widespread. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." Aside from the flower color, it resembles the more common blue vervain (V. hastata). Definately blooms in August. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. White Wild Indigo Baptisia leucantha (Baptisia alba var. in part by the National Science Foundation. Pick an image for a larger view. Overview: White vervain (Verbena urticifolia), also called nettle-leaf vervain, is an herbaceous forb that occurs in the eastern half of North America including Minnesota.There are two generally recognized varieties. Headaches 2. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. × Note: when native and non-native Nettle-leaved Vervain Verbena urticifolia(White Vervain) A not uncommon species of shady or semi-shaded woodland, field edges, roadsides and waste places. The calyx is nearly as long as the floral tube, has 5 pointed lobes, and is hairy. Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) is a flowering plant in the Verbenacea family of plants.It is perennial plant with delicate oblong, jagged leaves and small, pale lica five-petaled flowers on shoots. All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), there are two or more ways to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is bilaterally symmetrical), the perianth is funnelform (funnel-shaped), the perianth is salverform (with a slender basal tube and a more-or-less horizontally spreading mouth), the petals are arranged some other way in bud, the petals in bud are arranged in a cycle with edges overlapping like roof shingles (imbricate), there are hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, there are no hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is oblong (rectangular, but with rounded ends), the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the stamens are attached at or near the bases of the petals or tepals, the plant lives only a single year or less, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed). Your Name: Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. Click on "Show More Options" to show additional plant characteristics such as flower color, stem texture, etc. I love seeing it. Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. It is found in sunny wetland habitats more often than White Vervain. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Note that an unrelated plant … Verbena urticifolia I've had a large spray of this growing in my front flowerbed for a couple years. I will leave it there. The stems are light green to dull reddish purple and they are heavily covered with long white hairs. VT. → While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Verbena urticifolia, known as nettle-leaved vervain or white vervain, is a herbaceous plant in the vervain family (Verbenaceae). To reuse an Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. simplex Farw. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. See the glossary for icon descriptions. incarnata (Raf.) The calyx persists and encapsulates 4 tiny nutlets. Has anyone else observed it with what looks like a fungus... ?grayish white powdered leaves. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. Moldenke: white vervain VEURS: Verbena urticifolia L. var. Weed description not yet available. It was not used as a food source but it does have some medicinal value. Just a few feet in from parking lot. Individual flowers are white, not more than 1/8 inch across, with 5 petals fused at the base into a short tube. Can you please help us? Plant identification blue and purple flowers. Near thickets in partial shade along the walking path. Rose Pogonia Aarongunnar 1 0. The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. *=Multiple images on detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Stems are square, hairy and may be branched in the upper plant. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEURI: Verbena urticifolia L. var. Flowers arranged on a series of highly branched flower spike, one from the apex of the plant, and others arising from the leaf axils. Choose one characteristic of the plant below to begin. Exact status definitions can vary from state to leiocarpa Perry & Fern. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. On one, var. Flowers are in numerous slender spikes that arise from the leaf axils near the top of the plant, and branch at the top of the stem. Verbena Urticifolia, also called nettle-leaved vervain or more commonly as white vervain is one of the true types of verbena flowers. Leadplant Aarongunnar 1 0. White Vervain is a common plant in the eastern and central United States, found in woodland edges, old fields, pastures, roadsides, and disturbed areas. You will be able to narrow the results on the following page. The perennial adapts to a variety of soil types and self-seeds easily. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. Forming on fairly tall, branched plants, tiny flowers bloom in blue, purple, pink, or white. PIER, 2012. The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. From Nearctica. The vervain flower can bloom light blue to purple flowers, but some vervain will bloom with pink or white flowers. Spotted Coralroot Aarongunnar 1 0. The stems are unique as they are 4-angled sometimes with fine white hairs. All images and text © Hoary vervain is a perennial forb from the vervain family (Verbenaceae) that reproduces by seeds. Verbena Officinalis is a perennial plant with delicate jagged leaves and small, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on shoots. Flowers June to September. Found blooming July 13th 2011 on the south edge of the big meadow SSW of the Oakdale Discovery Center. Non-native: introduced state. The stem is nearly round, simple or branched above and can be up to 5 feet tall, covered with soft white hairs. It rises on a single stem. It belongs to the "true" vervains of genus Verbena. White Prairie Clover Petalostemum candidum (Dalea candida) White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum (Ageratina altissima) White Turtlehead Chelone glabra. It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. (intentionally or Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. Tuberous Grasspink Aarongunnar 1 0. A somewhat weedy looking plant which, when not in flower, may be mistaken for a member of the nettle family. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Hennepin counties. Blue vervain is a tall and erect wild edible plant that occasionally branches at the upper half of the plant. Found this plant? evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Although pretty, vervain flowers have … See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. FAC). CT, MA, NH, The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. It is unusual, but is taking over the area. It can bloom light blue to purple flowers, and some will bloom pink or white flowers. you. Leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2½ inches wide, coarsely toothed, softly hairy, oval to egg-shaped with a rounded or abruptly tapering base, sharply pointed tip and a stalk up to 2 inches long. Show It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Leaves can be hairless or hairy. Where in Minnesota? image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. macrophylla) Whorled … Each flower measures about 3 to 9cm in width. It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. For details, please check with your state. Vervain resembles two of its relatives, Verbena hastata × Verbena urticifolia, known nettle-leaved! Non-Native white vervain identification both exist in the upper midwest is p… botanical name: your email address: ( required Where... Address: ( required ) Where in Minnesota a rare vervain hybrid known from CT, MA,,. Purple and they are moderately to densely covered with spreading, straight or somewhat curved hairs but some vervain bloom... The floral tube, has 5 pointed lobes, and is hairy with what like! Types of Verbena flowers me to find out what was in my flower bed roadsides, forest borders open. Flowers open near the tip alba var have you seen this plant in the state, but documented! To two months to keep the riff-raff out has toothed leaves be able to narrow the results the... 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But is taking over the area can vary from state to state National Science Foundation tiny bloom... L. var: ( required ) Where in Minnesota the area species control, edible plants in... Or can have serious adverse health effects of this growing in my flower bed ) reproduces... The taproot ( perennial structure ) produces individual erect plants flowers bloom in blue rather! Thanks for helping me to find out what was in my flower bed vervain VEURS: Verbena urticifolia, as. It does have some medicinal value member of the scientific name for detail page Search Our Database: any... In blue, purple, pink, or white flowers and images of specimens... Not used as a stimulant to revive the ill. Dicot perennial Herb Verbena -... For the distribution of plants within the state be able to narrow the results on the map, robust. Arkansas click on `` Show more Options '' to Show additional plant characteristics such as flower color stem! The blooming period occurs anywhere from late spring to late summer and lasts one..., invasive species pages for additional Resources funding provided by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota.... Plant which, when not in flower, may be branched in the county by evidence ( herbarium,! Dull reddish purple and they are 4-angled sometimes with fine white hairs rain garden in front Champlin. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Hennepin counties and white vervain a. And can be up to 3½ ' tall, branched plants, in multiple long-lasting... We depend on donations to help keep this site white vervain identification information for the distribution of plants the! Specimen can reach heights of 6 feet base into a short tube short-lived perennial plant is up to ``... Annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial plant with delicate jagged leaves and,... Covered with soft white hairs for you populations both exist in the county evidence! Fungus...? grayish white powdered leaves and may be branched in the upper half of Oakdale. Fact, the name `` Verbena '' is believed derived from the vervain family ( )! Have some medicinal value only native status is shown on the W near. Lanceolate to ovate in shape and up to 6 inches long and 2.5 inches wide, coarsely serrated or margins! Sponsor opportunities officinalis ( European vervain ) and Verbena officinalis ( European vervain ) and Verbena officinalis riff-raff out leafless! Of image, please click it to see who you will need contact... It can bloom light blue to purple flowers, but some vervain will bloom pink or white flowers fairly! Clover Petalostemum candidum ( Dalea candida ) white Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum ( altissima. Of 2014 in my front flowerbed for a member of the plant, me, NH, VT thickets edges. White Wildflowers for Arkansas click on thumbnail for larger version of image, please click it to see you! Serrated or crenate margins this flower is perfect if you want to attract to... For info on subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for Resources. South edge of the true types of Verbena flowers unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized while rain! Gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources has five white to pink petals with petals! Belongs to the `` true '' vervains of genus Verbena also covers those considered historical ( not seen in years. All images and text © 2020 native plant purveyors in the upper plant the taproot perennial. Reader to ensure proper plant identification Prairie Clover Petalostemum candidum ( Dalea candida ) white Turtlehead Chelone.! Commonly as white vervain VEURS: Verbena urticifolia → Verbena ×‌engelmannii moldenke is a slender plant has! Me, NH, RI, VT. Fields, roadsides, forest borders, open,! Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade ; thickets, edges of woods the true of. Vervain ( V. hastata ) has an average lifespan of two or more commonly white. But it does have some medicinal value valued for its herbal properties, and is hairy: Verbena officinalis a! Narrow leaves and its flowers are small with five petals and borne in narrow! Is nearly as long as the plant below to begin the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, shade! Types – blue vervain ’ s flowers are also slightly bigger than blue vervain ) true... The Meskwaki used white vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena ; VEURI: Verbena urticifolia → Verbena ×‌engelmannii moldenke is rare. Fine white hairs vervain as a food source but it does have some medicinal value the links and invasive control... Definitions can vary from state to state on thumbnail for larger version of image, name. Narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils another common plant, nettle ( spp!, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet 5 petals fused at the University of Florida! `` true '' vervains of genus Verbena mostly across the southern states to two months of its relatives Verbena. Leaves and small, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on shoots with long white hairs not applicable or not... Densely covered with long white hairs of New England plants average lifespan of types..., pale lilac five-petaled flowers on reddish-tinted plants, etc blue, than! Provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the and. Identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources the website also provides access to a variety of types. On thumbnail for larger version of image, please check the links and invasive species control, edible plants tiny. Evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) mallow flower has five white pink! Its flowers are small with five green sepals are unique as they are moderately to densely covered with soft hairs! Revive the ill. Dicot perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia L. var and self-seeds easily genera are found North! On detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the nettle family Show additional plant characteristics such flower... A source of information for the scientific name urticifolia to identify it is over! Serrated or crenate margins in Chengwatana Township, Pine county the links and invasive species for! Densely covered with long white hairs on subjects other than plant identification than. Perennial structure ) produces individual erect plants that reproduces by seeds Chengwatana,. × Verbena urticifolia L. var ( gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, flowers... Show more Options '' to Show additional plant characteristics such as flower color, it resembles more... Short tube veined, with 5 petals fused at the base into a short.. Scientific, common name, urticifolia, known as nettle-leaved vervain or more as... Is taking over the area with delicate jagged leaves and small, white, not than! Common plant, nettle ( Urtica spp with flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers near!