"Coast Guard Investigative Service." Military intelligence includes information on other countries' military forces, plans, and operations gained through a variety of collection methods. In some extraordinary cases, undersea or land-based cables have been tapped as well. The intelligence cycle is a process of collecting information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers. Areas of study may include the operational environment, hostile, friendly and neutral forces, the civilian population in an area of combat operations, and other broader areas of interest. The first category considers the role of military counter terrorism in civil domestic protection. Some industrialized nations also eavesdrop continuously on the entire radio spectrum, interpreting it in real time. The 9 Types of Intelligence. Intelligence should respond to the needs of leadership, based on the military objective and operational plans. Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. Here is an overview of the multiple intelligences theory, summarized by ASCD: 1. Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). Military counter terrorism techniques and responses are diverse. The term operation intelligence is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets. Analysis consists of assessment of an adversary's capabilities and vulnerabilities. Producing military intelligence analysis is chiefly the responsibility of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the intelligence elements of the military services and the Unified Commands, and tactical intelligence units organic to the fighting forces. To provide an analysis, the commander's information requirements are first identified, which are then incorporated into intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination. Most intelligence activities support the development of operational intelligence. Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels serve at multiple echelons and types of positions throughout their tenure. He passed it on to the Norwegian Military Attaché, who passed it to the British Naval Attaché, who sent the news to London. Formally defined as "Intelligence that is required for planning and conducting campaigns and major operations to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or operational areas. Collection of read materials, composition of units or elements, disposition of strength, training, tactics, personalities (leaders) of these units and elements contribute to the overall intelligence value after careful analysis. Strategic intelligence is concerned with broad issues such as economics, political assessments, military capabilities and intentions of foreign nations (and, increasingly, non-state actors). Many of the most important facts are well known or may be gathered from public sources. Technology has allowed the military to rely less on human intelligence, or HUMINT, which puts the lives of spies and operators on the ground at risk, and procure aerial systems that provide myriad levels of intelligence. Coast Guard (Dec 1996), pp. The operational tier is below the strategic level of leadership and refers to the design of practical manifestation. Technical intelligence (TECHNINT) are gathered from analysis of weapons and equipment used by the armed forces of foreign nations, or environmental conditions. Open-source intelligence (OSINT) are gathered from open sources. Black Five.net – Blog about military, politics, intelligence operations and foreign policy. In contrast, analysis of tank or army deployments are usually triggered by accumulations of fuel and munitions, which are monitored every few days. Some historic counterintelligence services, especially in Russia and China, have intentionally banned or placed disinformation in public maps; good intelligence can identify this disinformation. "[4] It aligns with the Operational Level of Warfare, defined as "The level of warfare at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to achieve strategic objectives within theaters or other operational areas."[4]. This is why most intelligence services attach members to foreign service offices. How Does SWOT Analysis work? The tonnage and basic weaponry of most capital ships and aircraft are also public, and their speeds and ranges can often be reasonably estimated by experts, often just from photographs. There are three essential divisions of intelligence. The Intelligence Cycle is a concept that describes the general intelligence process in both a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement. National Security Council 3. The military objective provides a focus for the estimate process, from which a number of information requirements are derived. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. In the modern era this may not just be related to military power but also economic power or intelligence relating to specific resources such as oil, minerals and even in the 21st century access to bio fuels. The bulletins may also include consequently resulting information requirements and thus conclude the intelligence cycle. Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) is sometimes also referred to as photo intelligence (PHOTINT). In the United Kingdom these are known as direction, collection, processing and dissemination. [2] The Intelligence Cycle. For western democracies, it is extremely rare for journalists to be paid by an official intelligence service, but they may still patriotically pass on tidbits of information they gather as they carry on their legitimate business. In some cases, sources will just make up imaginative stories for pay, or they may try to settle grudges by identifying personal enemies as enemies of the state that is paying for the intelligence. Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. For example, the population, ethnic make-up and main industries of a region are extremely important to military commanders, and this information is usually public. In some intelligence organizations, analysis follows a procedure. Strategic intelligence is of a yet bigger scale. These patrols are then debriefed to elicit information for analysis and communication through the reporting chain. The Coast Guard at War: Volume XII: Intelligence. ", Operational intelligence is focused on support or denial of intelligence at operational tiers. Naturalist Intelligence. This categorization of intelligence was first theorized by developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.. Tactical Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the planning and conduct of tactical operations", and corresponds with the Tactical Level of Warfare, itself defined as "the level of warfare at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to achieve military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces". Intelligence operations are carried out throughout the hierarchy of political and military activity. A good intelligence officer will also ask a fairly large number of questions in order to help anticipate needs. The role of the military i… Washington, DC: Historical Section, Public Information Division, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, January 1, 1949. Where gaps in knowledge exist, the staff may be able to task collection assets to target the requirement. Problems with a closed loop include an overall process that is no better than its weakest component and stove piping. Your ability to analyze information helps you encounter new problems. According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency.[1]. This is intelligence gained from studying every aspect of foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect the health of military forces. [3] Such intelligence may be scientific, technical, tactical, diplomatic or sociological, but these changes are analyzed in combination with known facts about the area in question, such as geography, demographics and industrial capacities. [citation needed]. Levels of intelligence Intelligence is conducted at two levels, strategic and tactical. The National Security Act of 1947, as amended, defines the Intelligence Community's customers as: 1. Most governments maintain a military intelligence capability to provide analytical and information collection personnel in both specialist units and from other arms and services. The cycle is typically represented as a closed path of activities. Critical vulnerabilities are then indexed in a way that makes them easily available to advisors and line intelligence personnel who package this information for policy-makers and war-fighters. This game of Chinese Whispers let the Swedes help their Norwegian neighbors while maintaining every sign of neutrality. Military intelligence has been essential in many wars and battles in U.S. history. It is however imperative that the collector of information understands that what is collected is "information", and does not become intelligence until after an analyst has evaluated and verified this information. Strategic Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels", and corresponds to the Strategic Level of Warfare, which is formally defined as "the level of warfare at which a nation, often as a member of a The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. The military and civilian intelligence capabilities collaborate to inform the spectrum of political and military activities. In some cases, automated analysis is performed in real time on automated data traffic. Salient techniques include border and critical infrastructure defence, providing support to the police and emergency services and acting as a visible deterrent. The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. Medical. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. These are then flagged as critical vulnerabilities. However, human intelligence is often the only form of intelligence that provides information about an opponent's intentions and rationales, and it is therefore often uniquely valuable to successful negotiation of diplomatic solutions. What is SWOT Analysis? First, general media and sources are screened to locate items or groups of interest, and then their location, capabilities, inputs and environment are systematically assessed for vulnerabilities using a continuously-updated list of typical vulnerabilities. "Coast Guard Intelligence Looking For a Few Good Men and Women." Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or mapping/terrain data. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. Military Intelligence Degrees. Signals intelligence (SIGINT) are gathered from interception of signals. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance, Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army), List of intelligence gathering disciplines, "University Catalog 2011/2012, Master Courses: pp.99, size: 17MB", "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms", "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall's Knowledge Taxonomy", Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Intelligence Resource Program of the Federation of American Scientists, Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal, Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_intelligence&oldid=995394495, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Direction du Renseignement Militaire (France), Terrance Finnegan, "The Origins of Modern Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Military Intelligence at the Front, 1914–18,". Sources: Ralph Bennett (1999), Behind the Battle: Intelligence in the War with Germany 1939-1945. Heads of Departments and Agencies of the Executive Branch 4. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. [2] Intelligence activities are conducted at all levels, from tactical to strategic, in peacetime, the period of transition to war, and during a war itself. Intelligence data for a variety of applications will be made available via the Military Equipment Parameters Data Base (MEPED) for technical aspects of foreign weapons and systems. This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines. According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency. Cyber or digital network intelligence (CYBINT or DNINT) are gathered from cyberspace. SWOT analysis provides different ‘lenses’ intelligence analysts and highlights factors that we could exploit as well as consideration for our own vulnerabilities also. You’ll provide essential information that … In Psychology, there are two types of intelligence, as identified by American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Vulnerabilities are usually indexed by the nation and military unit with a list of possible attack methods. This vital keystone publication form s the core of joint intelligence doctrine and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders; Congress; Types of Intelligence. The processed intelligence information is disseminated through database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the different decision-makers. SWOT analysis allows us to e… At the tactical level, briefings are delivered to patrols on current threats and collection priorities. Most intelligence services maintain or support groups whose only purpose is to keep maps. SWOT analysis is used to identify the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a Person, Group, or Organisation. Check out their daily photo’s, and military motivators also. [1] This aim is achieved by providing an assessment of data from a range of sources, directed towards the commanders' mission requirements or responding to questions as part of operational or campaign planning. Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels should seek the opportunity for joint qualification, intelligence broadening assignments, as well as professional development through progressive assignments. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. 24–25. Military forces around the world utilize AI … It is also common for diplomatic and journalistic personnel to have a secondary goal of collecting military intelligence. 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