But for now, I am absolutely thrilled with this collection. I went through a series of books, and while all were enriching in their perspective and were terrific as stories, they did not give me the background I wanted to understand the Gita better. The context of it – Yudhisthira was lamenting the exile of the Pandavas and Draupadi when Rishi Markandeya narrated the story of Rama’s exile to console him. The book is written in the form of various long essays most of which are critiques of different characters such as Gandhari, Kunti, Draupadi, Karna and Krishna while a few dwell on relationships such as the ones between Yudhistira & Vidura or Ashwhathama & Drona. Although the Sanskrit original was composed by Valmiki around the fourth century BC, poets have produced countless versions in different languages. In a serial version on Star Plus it is said by Krishna for the current times “bhula kar Geeta ka Gyan har baar maanavta haari hai Aaj bhi is sansaar me khi na khi Mahabharata zaari hai.” The easiest translations to find were the ones by Kisori Ganguli and Manmatha Dutt both published in the late 1800s. There is no Indian individual who’d hear the word Mahabharata for the first time. This version of the Indian classic tale, the Mahabharata is beautifully and clearly written. The essential difference between Jaya and Mahabharata is summed up here: Her father refused to let her marry the king unless the king promised that Satyavati's son and descendants would inherit the throne. Another difference is Shikhandi did not undergone sex change and remains as a woman, ... A Kawi version of the Mahabharata, of which eight of the eighteen parvas survive, is found on the Indonesian island of Bali. In this book, one finds essays on different characters of Mahabharata and the story as it unfolds through their perspective. Of late, we have seen this tale of the great battle of Kurukshetra narrated from different perspectives – from enchanting Draupadi’s, most powerful Bhima, greatest warrior Karna, and many more! Why Tamil versions of Mahabharata differ from other narratives. The mother of all wars, the mother of all rivalries, the cauldron of emotions, insecurities, jealousies and power play - Mahabharat. So you can have your interpretation and shame but do not impose it like bible when your arguments are shaky. One of the three great gods of Hinduism, Siva is a living god. The most sacred and most ancient book of India, The Rg Veda, evokes his presence in its hymns; Vedic myths, rituals, and even astronomy testify to his existence from the dawn of time. 20 % or so is extrapolated from other stories mostly Bhagwatam. The Buddhist version: In Dashratha Jataka, the Buddhist version of the Ramayana, Dashratha was the king of Kashi first and then of Ayodhya. This edition would be a consolidation of all the available manuscripts, across all vernacular languages, sourced from different states of India. The Mahabharata has been retold and rewritten multiple times. Or you can start with book one here. As a store-house of knowledge Vyasa’s Mahabharata has influenced the Indian thought through centuries of time. Some of the popular ones are to be found in Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia, among other countries. It was a massive project, and many scholars were involved in distilling the true Mahabharata, without the later additions, regional interpolations, and other unnecessary factions. Readers will find lot of practical learnings in the book along with engaging story. What is your knowledge seeking question about religion? A beautiful book to read as this is a woman’s take on Mahabharata ~ from the perspective of Draupadi. Two other translations are from the University of Chicago and the New York University’s Clay Sanskrit Library, both of which are not complete. A handpicked list of Best Books on Mahabharata Mahabharata Books & the Problem of Plenty. Mahabharata Book's Versions That Are A Treat To Every Reader Mahabharata book is one of the longest poems written in Hindu mythology. The Mahabharata is one of the most complex stories I have ever read. If you’re interested you can buy the full set here. Modern versions of laws in Ramayana and Mahabharata. Between 1919 and 1966, scholars at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, compared the various manuscripts of the epic from India and abroad and produced the Critical Edition of the Mahabharata, on 13,000 pages in 19 volumes, followed by the Harivamsha in another two volumes and six index volumes. Here are some vastly different philosophies of various sects, that deviate from the traditional plot we are all familiar with: Dasaratha Jakarta: The Buddhist version Dasaratha is the king of Benaras and not Ayodhya, in this version. Given that the original epic has close to a million verses and could take years of study, this is an excellent book to start. With multiple versions in India itself, there are about 300 variants of the Ramayana. The episode in the Mahabharata in which the swayamvara of Draupadi takes place is one of the most debated and discussed portions of the great epic. As a store-house of knowledge Vyasa’s Mahabharata has influenced the Indian thought through centuries of time. I read this book following The Ramayana by R.K.Narayan. According to some authorities, the essence of different philosophies of the Vedas and Upanishads were presented in shape of interesting themes, episodes and stories for the understanding of the common people. (** The period of Mahabharata is also discussed in chapter 10.1) In the only version available in modern times, the narrator, Vaiśampāyana, states that other authentic versions of this history were spoken besides his. Rivetting and … Such epics contribute considera One of the most famous episodes in the Ramayana is the burning of Lanka by Hanuman.As per legend, Ravana tries to insult Hanuman by not offering him a seat in his court. According to some authorities, the essence of different philosophies of the Vedas and Upanishads were presented in shape of interesting themes, episodes and stories for the understanding of the common people. And due to this reason, none of the existing text can have a verbatim attribut… And then, there is no Indian individual who’d know of all the variations-retelling-transcreations-translations of Mahabharata that ever existed. Hence it must be clarified that Pattanaik's Jaya is not the actual version mentioned in the scripture. Relevance. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. There are many different versions or recensions of Mahabharata. By Qrius. This edition would be a consolidation of all the available manuscripts, across all vernacular languages, sourced from different states of India. The epic Mahabharata was composed by the great sage Vyasa.Mahabharata is over 100,000 ... in our lives.Since the very emotions conveyed in the story are actually similar to those experienced by us during different phases of our life–Anger,Lust,Hatred,Love,Kindness. Much of Sarala Mahabharata scholarship is concerned with the differences between Vyasa Mahabharata, the canonical text and Sarala Mahabharata.In all probability, Pandit Gopinath Nanda Sharma was the pioneer in this effort. These serial versions also depict the role of an ancient epic in the contemporary times. While in Ramayana, there are good guys and bad guys in Mahabharata … The ethical dilemmas presented in this story is at a whole different level than Ramayana. Not satisfied with the portrayal of women in the epic, Chitra Banerjee wrote this book most poignantly. He writes beautifully, earnestly and keeps it simple for the reader. Peter Brook's The Mahabharata is a Mahabharata based as much in pageantry as in drama, a Mahabharata of ochre and earthen hues, at once visually evocative yet stripped to its barest essentials. So if I take this back to Sesame Street, the differences with Goldilocks and the Three Bears occur because the different authors have different ideological objectives in telling the versions of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. Enraged, Ravana orders Hanuman ’s tail to be set on fire. There are many different versions or recensions of the Mahabharata. Mahabharata, one of the two Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India (the other being the Ramayana). For the epic which has been a part of traditions like Shruti & Smriti, multiple variation beings written with authors’ perspective is all obvious. I had read Mahabharata as a child, the abridged version, as well as many stories from it detailed in various other books. 80% of story is same but rest is lost or different. Stories of Mahabharata are always intriguing with so many lessons to learn. There is no Indian individual who’d hear the word Mahabharata for the first time. Many stories that are same have different interpretation and motivation in both the books. I have read 3 different versions of the Mahabharata. This is the text that is usually used in current Mahābhārata studies for reference. (to name a few) Hence,I would consider it a masterpiece on Indian society and culture. So you can have your interpretation and shame but do not impose it like bible when your arguments are shaky. Even though it consists of two large volumes, it is still an abridged version. Why Tamil versions of Mahabharata differ from other narratives. Jehovah's Witnesses and other Christians, why do Catholics believe Mary is the mother of God but the Protestants don't? Anuradha Goyal March 26, 2018 At 3:10 PM. I will like to take my kid here some day and tell her stories from Mahabharata while we visit the different areas. However, between 1919 and 1966, the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI) in Pune produced what has come to be known as the critical edition. Favourite answer. The available version of the Mahabharata was composed in 400 CE. Karnataka – The Classical Kannada versions of the Ramayana – the Kumudendu Ramayana(a Jain version), written in the 13th century and the Kumara-Valmiki Torave Ramayana, written in … Lately, my study of the Bhagavad Gita has been keeping me very occupied. William Buck has made every effort to be true to the original but make this story very readable for westerners. With Saurabh Raj Jain, Shaheer Sheikh, Pooja Sharma, Arav Chowdharry. The closest analogy to such alternate Mahabharata comes from the story of the Nag Hammadi scriptures where a completely different version of the Christian Bible-- the New Testament -- was found in a village in Egypt. I find that I can't wait to get back to it. In this episode of Devlok, Devdutt Pattanaik converses about different versions of the Indian epic poem, the Ramayana, and the associations of various places of the country to the epic. Where at Matthew 28:19 does Jesus reveal the Trinitarian nature of his God Jehovah? Shantanu, the king of Hastinapur, was married to Ganga (personification of the Ganges) with whom he had a son called Devavrat. It has been translated into English by Dr. This version of the Indian classic tale, the Mahabharata is beautifully and clearly written. It was this version which expanded to ~24000 shlokas and came to be known as Bharata. Professor Vijaya Ramaswamy (Picture from Chennai Event) Shimla, India, January 26, 2020. The long prologue has been omitted. The following extract is from the introduction to The Mahabharata: Volume 1 by Bibek Debroy.. Mahabharata was viewed in those days as a (religious) text of History. by N. Shamsundar The Mahabharata may be compared to the Greek Iliad or the Persian Shahnameh. Reply. (The version being referred to by most writers and scholars before this was called the Vulgate edition and it was from the 17th century). While in Ramayana, there are good guys and bad guys in Mahabharata … With multiple versions in India itself, there are about 300 variants of the Ramayana. Many stories that are same have different interpretation and motivation in both the books. Gaura. The Mahabharata is an important source of information on the development of Hinduism between 400 BCE and 200 CE and is regarded by Hindus as both a text about dharma (Hindu moral law) and a history. The Buddhist version: 80% of story is same but rest is lost or different. How a 15-member team produced a lush visual version of the ‘Mahabharata’ The republishing of Mahabharata has taken place, which happens to the greatest epic. These are a set of ten books, and I will write another review once I have read all of them (or perhaps midway!). Jaya incidentally is the name of the original version of Mahabharata, which was written by Sage Vyasa and it had only ~8800 shlokas. TheMahabharata was translated into (old)Javanese under the reign of king Dharmawangsa of Medang (r. 990-1006). Another difference is that Shikhandini does not change her sex and remains a woman, to be wed to Arjuna, ... A Kawi version of the Mahabharata, of which eight of the eighteen parvas survive, is found on the Indonesian island of Bali. Get answers by asking now. I. Gusti Putu Phalgunadi. Such epics contribute considera Ramayana Has Many Poems, Many Versions and Many Colours. Given the bewildering variety and variation in the different recensions of the Mahābhārata, in the late 19th century a movement began to create a “critical edition" of the epic. Designed and Developed by Yoganama Wellness LLP, the complete translation of the Critical Edition, Upanishads & Vedas in English: Recommended Reading, The best books and translations of Mahabharata, Activating the joints with Yogic Sukshma Vyayama, The Alo Yoga debate and lessons in it for us. @2020 - All Right Reserved. It was a massive project, and many scholars were involved in distilling the true Mahabharata, without the later additions, regional interpolations, and other unnecessary factions. The Mahabharata: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic | R. K. Narayan, Wendy Doniger | ISBN: 9780226051659 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Finally, after five decades and ~1300 manuscripts later this critical edition of Mahabharata was published in 1966. Some of the popular ones are to be found in Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia, among other countries. The greatest Indian epic, one of the world's supreme masterpieces of storytelling A Penguin Classic A sweeping tale of abduction, battle, and courtship played out in a universe of deities and demons, The Ramayana is familiar to virtually every Indian. This newly published epic is elaborately made and illustrated magnificently. Author is a scholar of Vedic scriptures. But the main point of departure from Valmiki’s version in this Ramayana … By Jaya Bhattacharji Rose. In its philosophical views, the epic contains an early version of Samkhya (a belief in real matter and the plurality of individual souls), which is prior to the classical Samkhya of Ishvarakrishna, a 3rd-century-ce philosopher. It forgoes a few details (yes, the original account would mean at least 3 more books like this one), and uses modern english prose to tell this many millenium old epic. 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