Eumenes of Cardia synonyms, Eumenes of Cardia pronunciation, Eumenes of Cardia translation, English dictionary definition of Eumenes of Cardia. Once Eumenes was firmly in command, Perdiccas left him with orders to take possession of Armenia from Neoptolemus. Nearchus of Crete, who had been Alexander’s admiral, proposed a forced retirement, but in the end those who wanted Eumenes’ death prevailed. Studies in Philo of Alexandria and Mediterranean antiquity, v. 3 . Eumenes received letters from Olympias, Alexander’s mother, asking him to help her assert her authority in Macedon on behalf of Alexander’s son. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He, who was one of rare high rank Greek officers in the Macedonian army, participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedon ian Argead royal house.. Eumenes took a large number of horses to replenish his Cappadocian cavalry. Eumenes, (born c. 362 bc —died 316), Greek general who upheld the cause of the Macedonian royal house in the civil war that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323.. Eumenes of Cardia (secretary, soldier and commander) has come into prominence in recent years, after a long period of neglect. Unfortunately, because of the cold in the desert at night, his men disobeyed him and lit fires to keep warm, thus giving the game away when they were still only halfway there. Gabiene (in modern Iran) 31°46′38″N 51°48′06″E  /. [5] When it was ready he sent the fleet west to reinforce Polyperchon, but it was met by Antigonus's fleet off the coast of Cilicia, and the fleet of Eumenes changed sides. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians (2nd edition) updates the original work in light of a decade of scholarly activity and presents much new analysis influenced by this continuing scholarship. After Alexander's death(323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. Eumenes somehow had advance knowledge of this and marched out of Phoenica, through Syria into Mesopotamia, with the idea of gathering support in the upper satrapies. Eumenes - mason wasps genus Eumenes arthropod genus - a genus of arthropods family Vespidae, Vespidae - … Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of … 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. Eumenes joined Perdiccas, who installed him in Cappadocia. But, 1000 talents in melted gold and silver was found. / 31.777205; 51.801649. At the river Kopratas, Eumenes surprised Antigonus during the crossing of the river and killed or captured 4,000 of his men. HULME PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER THE opening of the Hellenistic Age is a period in which the number of leading characters is unusually, even confusingly, large. We know nothing of Eumenes’ early life before he became a friend of Philip II of Macedon (342 BC) and then his secretary, apart from the fact that he came from Cardia, in the Thracian Chersonnese. Eliza Jane Poitevent Holbrook Nicholson (1849-1896), James Brooke Rajah of Sarawak – Founder of the White Raj of Sarawak, Sebastian Cabot, Questionable Explorer: Early Explorer of Newfoundland and Brazil, The Turing Test and Philosophies of Alan Turing. : Eumenes, of Cardia, ca. In this position he forced them to jump and kick until they worked up a thorough sweat. In fact, Eumenes was able to hold his own against Antiochus and inflict defeats/stalemate him. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. I hope to get a 3d animated series out some day but will wait until my skills improve. After Alexander’s death, Eumenes was appointed governor of Cappadocia, despite the fact that it didn’t actually belong to the Macedonians. Teutamus, one of their commanders, sent the request to Antigonus who responded by demanding they give him Eumenes. Eumenes first traveled to Mount Ida where there was a royal stable. Eumenes of Cardia (362-316 BC) We know nothing of Eumenes’ early life before he became a friend of Philip II of Macedon (342 BC) and then his secretary, apart from the fact that he came from Cardia, in the Thracian Chersonnese. To prevent their condition from deteriorating, Eumenes rigged up a pulley system, which lifted the horses up until only their hind feet remained on the ground. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He was a private secretary first for Philip II for seven years, and then 13 years for Alexander the Great. [4], In 317 BC, Eumenes left Cilicia and marched into Syria and Phoenicia, and began to raise a naval force on behalf of Polyperchon. He and all of his fellow officers were shocked by this move and thought Eumenes to be a paragon of virtue. When, in another battle, Eumenes defeated Antigonus but lost his baggage train, Teutamus, the commander of the Argyraspids, entered into negotiations with Antigonus to get the baggage back. He was a commander, and Alexander the Great’s private secretary. [1], When Craterus and Antipater, having subdued Greece in the Lamian War, determined to pass into Asia and overthrow the power of Perdiccas, their first blow was aimed at Cappadocia. [10] In Susa, Eumenes sent letters to all the satraps to the north and east of Susiana, ordering them in the kings' names to join him with all their forces. Location. get reddit premium. [9] Unable to sway Seleucus and Peithon, Eumenes left his winter quarters early and marched on Susa, a major royal treasury, in Susiana. In the cramped city, Eumenes was forced to come up with novel solutions so that his men and horses remained in fighting shape including; emptying large rooms where men exercised on a set schedule, and creating a suspension device, likened to an ancient treadmill, on which horses could run. He was besieged in Cappadocia with the remainder of his forces (about 500 cavalry and 200 foot soldiers) in a fortress called Nora. This unexpected victory made the Macedonian leaders who were supposed be supporting Eumenes even more jealous. Perdiccas, who by one account had been appointed regent for Alexander’s mentally defective brother and unborn son, ordered the generals Leonnatus and Antigonus to help Eumenes take possession of his territory (321). After Alexander's death he was given control of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia. Eumenes, of Cardia, 362 B.C. Eumenes and his forces spent the winter of 320-319 in Nora, but when spring came, he managed to escape with all his men while negotiating with Antigonus over terms for Eumenes and his men to join Antigonus now that Antipater was dead. Only when he was betrayed by the silver shields and murdered was he beaten. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eumenes was born in the area of Cardia in the North of Greece in the year 362 BC. : Eumenes of Cardia : A Greek among Macedonians by Edward Anson (2004, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! Finding the Macedonian foot soldiers Perdiccas had left under his command difficult to deal with, Eumenes proceeded to build up his cavalry forces until they numbered 6,300 men. Diodorus Sicilus, Bibliotheca Historica, XVIII 59,1-3. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eumenes&oldid=993800948, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Personal secretary of Alexander the Great, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:47. The following winter, Eumenes disbanded his army, save for a small, crack force of 500 cavalry and 200 heavy infantry and holed up in Nora, a strong fortress on the border between Cappadocia and Lycaonia. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. He participated in the Wars of Alexander the Great serving as both Alexander’s personal secretary and as a battlefield commander. [12] Eumenes then marched southeastwards into Persia, where he picked up additional reinforcements.[13]. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Studies in Philo of Alexandria Ser. [21], Despite Eumenes' undeniable skills as a general, he never commanded the full allegiance of the Macedonian officers in his army and died as a result. During the winter he negotiated with Seleucus, the satrap of Babylonia, and Peithon, the satrap of Media, seeking their help against Antigonus. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. [21], Antigonus, according to Plutarch, starved Eumenes for three days, but finally sent an executioner to dispatch him when the time came for him to move his camp. remember me reset password. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek who served both Philip II and Alexander the Great as secretary and archivist. She then commissioned Eumenes to fight against Antigonus on her behalf, and wrote to the governors loyal to her, and Antigenes and Teutamus, the commanders of the elite force of the Argyraspids (the Silver Shields), ordering them to support him. At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. Eumenes (361-315): secretary of Alexander the Great, one of the Diadochi. Frankfurt am Main : M. Clauss, 2002 (OCoLC)607776325: Named Person: Eumenes, of Cardia; Eumenes, of Cardia; Eumenes of Cardia The fortress was well-stocked with basic provisions; the main problem was lack of space to exercise the animals. During negotiations, Eumenes was unable to secure a deal he thought fitting, and so was willing to hold out longer for a more favorable position in the imperial hierarchy. Eumenes - mason wasps genus Eumenes arthropod genus - a genus of arthropods family Vespidae, Vespidae - an arthropod family of the order Hymenoptera... Eumenes of Cardia - definition of Eumenes of Cardia by The Free Dictionary. Navigation. Welcome to Reddit, the front page of the internet. Antigonus wanted to acquire Eumenes as his own officer and so first demanded that Eumenes address him as a superior officer, to which Eumenes replied “while I am able to wield a sword, I shall thank no man greater than myself”. Eu… At one point when Alexander was in need of money to finance a sea expedition under the admiral Nearchus of Crete, he tried to borrow some from his commanders. Now that he had Eumenes as a prisoner, Antigonus was uncertain what to do with him. Eumenes of Cardia (Greek: Ευμένης, ca. He was executed after the Battle of Gabiene in 316 BC. Thinking that he was marching tired men suffering from the cold against a fresh army, Antigonus slowed down to let his men recover from the journey – and this delay was sufficient for Eumenes’ army to come together and win the battle. Eumenes obliged her and moved north into Phrygia to winter. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition [Anson, Edward] on Amazon.com.au. Noun 1. News of this came immediately after Eumenes’ financial rewards, so his officers and men were outraged and redoubled their efforts to protect their leader, assigning a large bodyguard of 1000 men to protect him at all times. get them help and support. Eumenes did not get on with Hephaistion, Alexander’s closest friend and second in command, but this does not seem to have affected Eumenes’ relationship with Alexander. Eventually, the two armies met in southern Media and fought the indecisive Battle of Paraitakene. … Only Antigonus knew of Eumenes’ real motives. [11] When the satraps joined Eumenes he had a considerable force, with which he could look forward with some confidence to doing battle against Antigonus. or 315 B.C. Eumenes remained close to Alexander until his death. eumenes_of_cardia 377 post karma 15,597 comment karma send a private message. Antigonus, supported by his son Demetrius, was disinclined to kill Eumenes, but most of the council insisted that he execute Eumenes and so it was decided. In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. ", (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. [1] He was able to escape from Nora by tricking the Antigonid diplomat, his friend and country man Hieronymus of Cardia, sent to negotiate his surrender, into having him swear an oath of loyalty to the two kings, Philip III and Alexander IV instead of Antigonus himself. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Eumenes of Cardia (Greek: Ευμένης, ca. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great, became a major contender for power. Determined to follow tradition, Eumenes made the bold and unexpected move to regain the battlefield so that he could construct a proper funeral pyre for the dead. redditor for 2 years. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition Alexander the Great was sufficiently impressed by Eumenes’ services to his father to keep him on after Philip’s assassination in 336, promoting him to chief secretary. Free shipping for many products! Eumenes of Cardia, late 17th century print. [18] A few days later both armies drew up for battle. In addition to all the loot of the Silver Shields (treasure accumulated over 30 years of successful warfare including gold, silver, gems and other booty), the soldiers' women and children were taken and Eumenes' army wished to negotiate their return. He used the royal treasury at Kyinda to recruit an army of mercenaries to add to his own troops. [17] During the winter of 316-315 BC, Antigonus tried to surprise Eumenes in Persis by marching his army across a desert and catching his enemy off guard; unfortunately, he was observed by some locals who reported it to his opponents. Eumenes de Cardia (em grego: Ευμένης; 362 a.C. — 316 a.C.) foi um general, diádoco e um dos sucessores de Alexandre Magno partidário da casa real macedónia da Dinastía argéada.. Foi um dos governantes do Reino da Arménia onde governou na vigência da dinastia orôntida embora não seja considerado dinástico. [20] The war was thus at an end. He was a commander, and Alexander the Great’s private secretary. In 319 BC, Antigonus marched his army into Cappodocia and engaged Eumenes at the Battle of Orkynia. He had also hoped to win the support of Cleopatra of Macedon, who was present in the city at the time. Antigonus, meanwhile, had reached Susa and left Seleucus there to besiege the place, while he himself marched after Eumenes. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Noun 1. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Eumenes of Cardia synonyms, Eumenes of Cardia pronunciation, Eumenes of Cardia translation, English dictionary definition of Eumenes of Cardia. In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. Buy Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition by Anson, Edward online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Another way Eumenes used to safeguard himself against hostility was to borrow large sums of money from the people most hostile to him, hoping they would realise that if they killed him, they would never get their money back. Alexander didn’t take any of it, just wrote to his generals and governors asking them for new copies of the burnt documents. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eumenes of Cardia (/juːˈmɛniːz/; Greek: Εὐμένης; c. 362 – 316 BC) was a Greek general and satrap. Antiochus was never able to crush Eumenes. Short summary describing this character. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. As such he was one of Alexander’s clossest associates, but his main claim to fame was his career after the death of Alexander. EUMENES of Cardia, according to Duris, was the son of a man whom poverty drove to be a waggoner, in the Thracian Chersonesus, but received a liberal education in literature and athletics. or 361 B.C.-316 B.C. He participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house.. Career. Eumenes of Cardia (Ancient Greek: Εὐμένης, ca. found: Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich, 2002: t.p. Become a Redditor. He asked Eumenes for 300 talents, but Eumenes only contributed 100 talents, saying that even that much was a strain on his resources. Eumenes from Cardia was born in 362 BC and died in 315 BC. Eumenes' body was given to his friends, to be burnt with honor, and his ashes were conveyed in a silver urn to his wife and children. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He was executed after the Battle of Gabiene in 316 BC. 31.777205°N 51.801649°E. Despite the fact that he had been chiefly an administrator rather than one of Alexander’s elite military commanders, and that he was a Greek from the city of Cardia, as opposed to a native Macedonian, Eumenes came close to securing control of the … He took the time to file an account with the overseers of the stables despite his outlaw status. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Despite his superior military skills, Eumenes’ Macedonian generals approached him about one of them taking overall command. Battle of Gabiene was the second great battle (the third battle in total; see: the battles of Orkynia and Paraitakene) between Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes, two of Alexander the Great's successors (the so-called Diadochi).The battle was fought near Gabiene in Persia in 315 BC and ended the Second War of the Diadochi. On the Macedonian court Eumenes very quickly earned more and more responsibilities and he became a friend of the young Alexander. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. That alone marks him out as a highly capable leader, imo. 315 BC. Edward Anson , Eumenes of Cardia : a Greek among Macedonians . 361-316 B.C.) Character » Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues. Or more precisely - robber baron capitalism with a high concentration of capital in a small oligarchy and technocratic socialism with the control of capital in the hand of a small oligarchy. Antigonus refused to help, but Leonnatus came, more to inveigle Eumenes into helping him in his plan to seize power in Macedon than to help Eumenes himself. This action is also ironic when compared to the actions Antigonus had to take to finally defeat Eumenes. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. Eumenes was also granted the privilege of wearing a purple hat and cloak, an honor usually only granted to a Macedonian king. Buy Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians by Anson, Edward online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues View all Historie. He led his men on a ten-day march through the desert to attack Eumenes, choosing this route in the hope that his approach would remain a secret. Frankfurt am Main : M. Clauss, 2002 (OCoLC)606953466 Online version: Schäfer, Christoph. It established Antigonus as the most powerful of the successors. [1] Eumenes was hated and despised by many fellow commanders—certainly for his successes and supposedly for his non-Macedonian (in the tribal sense) background and prior office as Royal Secretary. 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. Eumenes of Cardia was defeated and killed in the Battle of Gabiene in 315 BC. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese.At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia.After Alexander's death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. Ancient sources agree that Eumenes was an extremely able general. Two-Year Club. His father came into the service of the Macedonian monarchs of the ancient Argead dynasty, and it seems likely that Eumenes was a member of the nobility. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … In 330 he became Alexander’s principal secretary and keeper of the Royal Journal. Eumenes, (born c. 362 bc —died 316), Greek general who upheld the cause of the Macedonian royal house in the civil war that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323. In the ensuing division of the empire, Cappadocia and Paphlagonia were assigned to Eumenes; but as they were not yet subdued, Leonnatu… In 2002, Christoph Schifer published a biography of Eumenes (Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht in Alexanderreich [Frankfurt am Main, 2002]) and now Edward Anson has done the same. Craterus and Neoptolemus, the satrap of Armenia, were completely defeated by Eumenes in the Battle of the Hellespont in 321. The Battle of Gabiene was as indecisive as the previous battle at Parataikene. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition: Anson, Edward: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. [3] He claimed that Alexander had visited him in a dream and told him that he would be present with them at every battle. Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. Antigonus arrived shortly and decided to enter into negotiation with Eumenes instead of undergoing a lengthy siege. Eumenes retorted that “formalities and technicalities would not protect them from death and destruction”. He was from a poor family, but some sources say that he was of noble origin. Date. When Antigonus and Antipater made an alliance against him, Eumenes was defeated by Antigonus, but managed to escape, and use his forces to harass Antigonus’ baggage train. This action greatly impressed Antigonus. Eumenes dismissed most of his men because he had too many to move about unnoticed but not enough to go on the attack. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition: Anson, Edward: Amazon.sg: Books Cleopatra and Eumenes had been friends since childhood, however, Cleopatra was not willing to back what seemed to be a losing cause and implored Eumenes to leave the area lest she incur the wrath of Antipater. The plan backfired when all Eumenes’ records went up in flames. He later was a participant in the Wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. [–]eumenes_of_cardia 1 point2 points3 points 15 hours ago (0 children) Well it is. The Silver Shields complied, arrested Eumenes and his officers, and handed them over. login. Teutamus agreed to this proposal, and the Argyraspids took Eumenes unawares and handed him over to Nicanor, Antigonus’ emissary. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2004. xviii, 285 pages : maps ; 24 cm.. ISBN 0391042092 $135.00. Eumenes knew that he would not be able to prevent his soldiers from plundering this loot if they found out about it, and also that doing so would decrease the essential mobility of his forces. (3) Satrap at Partition of Babylon. Despite the fact that he had been chiefly an administrator rather than one of Alexander's elite military commanders, and that he was a Greek from the city of Cardia, as opposed to a native Macedonian, Eumenes came close to securing control of the … Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … The title of Edward Anson’s book, Eumenes of Cardia, though appropriate and representative, is a bit unfortunate as it does nothing to reveal the depth of … Eumenes van Cardia was een Thracisch generaal van Alexander de Grote uit de 4e eeuw v.Chr. Alexander the Great was sufficiently impressed by Eumenes’ services to his father to keep him on after Philip’s assassination in 336, promoting him to chief secretary. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek general and satrap. Just doing 3d animation for fun. Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. After Alexander's death he was given control of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia. He participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on … Duris reports that Eumenes, the Cardian, was the son of a poor wagoner in the Thracian Chersonesus, yet liberally educated, both as a scholar and a soldier; and that while he was but young, Philip, passing through Cardia, diverted himself with a sight of the wrestling matches and other Menander immediately followed this advice. Following this battle, Antigonus neglected to address the dead and immediately set off in pursuit for Eumenes. TROPHY CASE. Antipater had left the regency to his friend Polyperchon instead of his son Cassander. [19] According to Plutarch and Diodorus, Eumenes had won the battle but lost control of his army's baggage camp thanks to his ally Peucestas' duplicity or incompetence. [2] Eumenes again demonstrated his cleverness and was able to secure control over these men by playing on their loyalty to, and superstitious awe of, Alexander. [1] After Alexander's death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek and Macedonian soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. 9 appearances; No recent wiki edits to this page. Perdiccas used his army to help Eumenes take possession of Cappadocia. In the ensuing division of the empire in the Partition of Babylon (323 BC), Cappadocia and Paphlagonia were assigned to Eumenes; but as they were not yet subdued, Leonnatus and Antigonus were charged by Perdiccas with securing them for him. There are tales that he was the son of a wagoner, but this is not likely to be true. [6], Meanwhile, Antigonus had settled his affairs in Asia Minor and marched east to take out Eumenes before he could do further damage. This book is based on the author’s PhD dissertation in 1975 on Eumenes of Cardia, the most original of Alexander’s Successors and the only one who was Greek, rather than a Macedonian aristocratic warlord. At a very early age, he was employed as a private secretary by Philip II of Macedon and after Philip's death (336 BC) by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. Eumenes held out for more than a year until the death of Antipater threw his opponents into disarray.[1]. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. To further guarantee the loyalty of subordinates, Eumenes sold off the estates of Phrygia to them and provided military support to claim the purchased land from the, obviously, unwilling and disgruntled Phrygian property owners. Cassander, therefore, allied himself with Antigonus, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, while Eumenes allied himself with Polyperchon. And all of his wounds. 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Service provides access to commonly found standards and Vocabularies promulgated by the Library of...., … he was of noble origin recruit an army of mercenaries to add to his friend instead... And he became Alexander ’ s head of 100 talents of gold ( OCoLC ) 606953466 online version Schäfer! Are tales that he was a native of Cardia appears in 9.. Superior military skills eumenes of cardia Eumenes ’ records went up in flames her and moved North into to! Baggage of Antigonus ’ emissary be true the internet, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, while he himself after! Held a council to ponder his fate take advantage of this fact in the of! But this is not likely to be true forced them to jump kick. Iran ) 31°46′38″N 51°48′06″E  / district he took Eumenes unawares and handed over! Generals approached him about one of the royal Journal in 315 BC had too many to about. 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