We can eliminate this social curse by changing the outlook of the people especially the male members of the society of our country. Dowry contrasts with the related concepts of bride price and dower.While bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the bride. With the backdrop of such societal structure, women are often considered second-tier citizens, fit to assume only domesticated roles. Dowry System and its Impact on Women in Terai Region of Nepal Domestic violence against women. They are thrust towards domestic chores from a very early age. Effects of Dowry System in India Tracing back to whatever custom that associated itself with the dowry, the gross effects of dowry system remains forever blemished. The system was put in place due to a reason in India and that was that until a few decades back the girl child did not have any right over the parental property and other fixed assets and was given liquid assets such as cash, jewellery and other goods to give her a fair share. In some cases, the dowry system leads to crime against women, ranging from emotional abuse and injury to even deaths. Don't subscribeAllReplies to my comments Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail. a. sreelatha 2professor ,saveetha school of law ,saveetha institute of medical and THE NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF DOWRY PAYMENT ON WOMEN AND THE GENERAL SOCIETY REV. A large number of women are deliberately kept from schools either due to certain superstitions or from the belief that educating girls will take away from their eligibility as good wives. According to the social infrastructure of the nation, it is a common perception that a woman is a liability and is to be married off someday, with a dowry debt at disposal. The dowry system has degraded the mentality of the people. This perspective heavily justifies the practice of dowry demands. This dowry system has affected our society very badly and seriously. They think it is their right to get money from the bride as they have spent a lot on the bridegroom in educating and bringing them up. Illiteracy – lack of formal education is another cause for the prevalence of the dowry system. Society Structure – the dowry system is largely the manifestation of the patriarchal nature of the Indian society where men are considered superior to women in aspects of physical and mental capabilities. As a consequence, a girl child is viewed a possible source of drain on the family’s finances, ultimately an onus. Even money or property, a wife must pay to his husband’s family when they get married such a situation is … Dowry System Paragraph 2. Evil effects of Dowry System. Thus, dowry system has spread in almost all parts of the country and sections of society. In states like Haryana and Rajasthan where these practices are most prevalent, the CSR stands at 830 girls per 1000 boys. This system has affected our whole society. Some of the arguments in favour of dowry by the supporters of this system are discussed here under. They rarely save money. This evil system should be uprooted from society immediately. Such perceptions are often associated of them being treated as a burden in economic terms first by the father and then by the husband. So look at the effects of the dowry system on our women’s life. Dowry violence is usually perpetrated by the husband or the in-laws in a bid to extract a higher dowry from the bride's family. It includes property, valuable security like cash and jewelry exchanging hand during the marriage. The boy’s family in turns gains new heights of social standings based of the amount of dowry their new bride brings in which is indicator of how desirable their boy was in the marriage market. The jewelry and cash that a bride brings with her from her parents’ house is often referred to as “Streedhan” and in theory is the property of the girl, but in reality it is often treated as their rightful due by the groom’s family. 2dr. Besides, we can take strict legal measures against the persons who take dowry. Families often borrow heavily, mortgage properties leading to major decline in economic health. dowry system and its legal effects in india - a study 1mithun.t 1 b.b.a.,b.l(hons),saveetha school of law ,saveetha institute of medical an d technical sciences, saveetha universit y ,chennai -77, tamilnadu,india. Short Term Effects of Dowry System – these effects of the dowry system are immediate and are a permanent fixture in the daily news. Dowry system is followed in India since a very long time. DR. EMILY ONYANGO ST. PAUL’S UNIVERSITY Dowry or bride-wealth payment is a widespread practice in many African societies. As a result, many of them get divorced or commit suicide or are killed by their husbands. This dowry system has affected our society very badly and seriously. Supporters of this system think that marriage is a girl’s life insurance and the dowry is the premium. The amount of dowry increases according to the girl’s age, fuelling the practice. b. This requires strict and ruthless enforcement of such laws. This view evolves into gigantic proportions taking the shape of infanticides and feticides of girl child. Violence against women – contrary to hopeful parents, dowry is often not a one-time pay up. One’s worth in society is often measured by how much one spends in daughter’s wedding or how much gold one gives to them. Thus they need to be on their best behavior and offer lavish “gifts” to please the boy’s family. Dowry can increase female rights to inheritance. A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts, or money at the marriage of a daughter (). ‘No dowry, no marriage’ is a widespread fear. Naturally, women themselves are bound in the shackles of an idea that they are incapable of any contributions to the society. Religious Dictates – Religious constraints imposed by the society on marriage customs, mainly suitability of groom have a contributing factor towards the dowry problem. [This is the story based on dowry system, I hope after reading this story those people who still follow dowry system will understand the bad affect of dowry system.] Our ancestors started this system for valid reasons but now it is leading to issues and problems in society. [7] The payment of dowry has long been prohibited under specific Indian laws including the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 and subsequently by Sections 304B and 498A [8] of the Indian Penal Code . Knowledge of their rights will enable them to speak up against practice of dowry and ongoing marginalization. Boys of marriageable age with desirable qualifications become a prize and this in turn encourages the practice of the catch being caught by the highest bidder. It also stems from the belief that young girls can be better molded into the household roles than older girls. The Bad Effect of Dowry System Paragraph: According to the Oxford Dictionary: Dowry means demanding illegal money from the bride by the bridegroom. 1. Young girls are kept from schools while their brothers are given access to education. a. Injustice towards girls – dowry bears a huge financial obligation for the bride’s family. This feeling is further compounded by the dowry system which fuels the belief that girl child is a potential cause of drain of family finances. Dowry bears a significant financial obligation for the family of the bride. The dowry price paid at the time of marriage may be significant, but the greed of husbands and in-laws can grow after marriage. A girl earring with her huge amount of dowry feels confident while entering her in-laws house and is given greater attention and importance in-laws family where as a girl without dowry feels uneasy and apprehensive. 8. Yet, one of the longest standing evils associated with marriage from a woman’s point of view in the Indian society is the Dowry system. | Human capital effects of marriage payments dowry A dowry, simply put, is the property or money that is brought from a bride’s side to the groom’s side, on their marriage. This evil system of society harms a lot especially to the poor. When marriage is viewed as the ultimate achievement for women, evil practices like dowry takes its roots deeper in the society. At present, a father cannot think of the marriage of his daughter without giving dowry to the bridegroom. 2. 1. Just like little one marriage, caste system, and gender inequality, dowry can be one of many unhealthy social methods, which must be eliminated to accompaniment society. The government can formulate anti-dowry laws also to discourage this practice. They are regarded incompetent for roles other than housework and are often discouraged from taking up jobs. Dowry causes a great economic burden on the bride’s family: Dowry has become a great economic burden on middle and lower class families. Along with the caste system dowry system is widely practised but still criticized in India. 4. it’s a curse for poorer parents. These restrictions limit the number of suitable matches. Short Term Effects of Dowry System – these effects of the dowry system are immediate and are a permanent fixture in the daily news. Continuous physical and mental torture instigates women to go into depression and commit suicide. In patrilineal community in which immovable property passed in to male child and movables to girl child (Devi.U, 1991). b. Indian Legal System > Civil Laws > Family Laws > The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 > Dowry and its Ill-Effects Historical Background of Dowry: Dowry is an ancient system under which the parents of the bride pay the bridegroom and/or his parent money, goods or estate honouring the bridegroom’s willingness to accept the bride in the marriage. Their opinions are suppressed, not valued or ignored more often than not. They wish to earn a lot. Practices like caste endogamy and clan exogamy, has to be kept in mind while arranging a match. The new marriage, therefore, promotes social integration especially in societies where some communities or religion are discriminated. Females are thought to be of no use to the family in our society. Effects of Dowry System:- •Effects of Dowry System Dowry killings Indebtedness Odd couples, marriage by compulsion Hindrances in progress of women Increase in divorce rate Inter caste marriage Wife Suicides Increase in girls’ education False complaints and allegations Domestic violence Abortions or child selection tests 8. Law – several laws have been enacted to prohibit the practice of dowry and the injustice against women stemming from it. Paragraph on Dowry System: Dowry means property including money, gold, etc. 2016 figures indicate that in India, 20 women die every day due to dowry related issues. As a consequence, girls have viewed a possible source of drain on the family finance leading to onus. Their sense of self-worth hits rock bottom and they are increasingly subjugated to injustice. 1. • In Pakistan, dowry is called Jahez in Arabic (derived from Islamic jahez-e-fatimi). Effects of Dowry System 1. The government needs to ensure a zero-tolerance policy for such offenders and ensure enforcement of the law through systemic changes. c. Economic burden – getting a girl married is associated with a hefty amount of money by Indian parents due to direct or subtle demands for dowry by the groom’s family. Bride-wealth in traditional African societies had some positive aspects but mostly negative consequences, as it was the foundation of patriarchy. Marriage payments transfer wealth to the next generation. This view evolves into a gigantic proportion taking the feticides of girl child and shape of infanticides. The act declares not only the practice of accepting dowry unlawful, but also penalizes giving of the same. These constraints do not condone inter-religious marriages or even between different religious sects and a suitable groom has to be found from the same religious backgrounds. India is the epicenter of dowry culture, even though the government banned the practice in 1961, and the effects of the system are everywhere corroding efforts toward greater gender and economic equality. Effects of Dowry System. d. Gender inequality – the idea of paying dowry in order to get a girl married generates an increased sense of inequality among the genders, placing men superior to women. I am dead against this evil system of society. Making demands of dowry is punishable by a minimum imprisonment of 5 years and a minimum fine of 15,000 rupees. Essay on Social Issues in India (causes, effects and solutions), Social Issues in India (causes, effects and solutions), Dowry System in India – Causes, Effects & Solution. At present, a father cannot think of the marriage of his daughter without giving dowry to the bridegroom. When a bride's family fail to pay the amount of money or property demanded by the groom's family, the bride is cruelly treated even tortured physically in-laws home. It’s a great evil working at the root of our society. 3. There are several reasons for the occurrence of the dowry system, but the main one is that it is a necessary precondition for marriage. The day comes in the news that the boys of the dowry killed the girl by burning them alive or drove her out of the house for dowry. 3. The dowry system can put great financial burden on the bride's family. This evil system should be uprooted from society immediately. In this essay on dowry, we will see what dowry exactly is, how it started, and why it should be stopped now. Although the origin of the custom lies with parents trying to assure financial stability for their daughters, in current perspective it has translated into parents paying up for the assurance of well-being of their daughters. You have entered an incorrect email address! Dowry is not a one time process. Through the dowry system, one is able to find a suitable bride or bridegroom from other states, cast or religion. Women themselves need to come out of the belief that they are inferior to men and they need to depend on men to provide for them. Dowry contrasts with the related concepts of bride price and dower.While bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the bride. a. This in turn leads to peculiar practices like polyandry and an increase in violence against women. Even sometimes they torture them seriously. This research notified that dowry creates imbalance in the status of women and it affect women mentally and physically. However, it has turned into an evil social system over the years. 5. This frequently translates into physical, mental or sexual violence against the bride. In today's blog, I will tell you about "the causes for dowry system, the effects of dowry system and finally how the dowry system can be stopped. The following are problems pertaining to marriage and family dowry which are effecting our society seriously. Extortion in the name of social standing, compensation for the cost of groom’s education, his financial stability is a key feature of Indian marriages. Incidences of cruelty by the husband or his family against the wife have been addressed in the Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code and Section 198A in the Criminal Procedure Code. Section 113A added in the Indian Evidence Act further provides the family of the bride to charge the husband’s family of abetting suicide of their daughter within 7 years from the date of marriage. As a consequence, a girl child is viewed a possible source of drain on the family’s finances, ultimately an onus. Dowry System in India Essay | Causes & Effects (755 Words) December 25, 2017 by Study Mentor Leave a Comment Dowry refers to all the gifts and valuables which are given to a bride by her parents for starting her new life. A host of restrictions are imposed on them in the name of family honour and they are made to stay indoors. Enforcement – it is never enough to just introduce acts and amend sections to fight against a social evil. Dowry system is followed in India since a very long time. As a result, many of them get divorced or commit suicide or are killed by their husbands. Loss of self-esteem in women – in a country which has experienced centuries of inferior attitude towards women, it is very hard to maintain a high level of self-regard if you are a woman. In a more subtle perspective, one may define this custom as the unquestioned idea that the girl’s family is inferior in standing with the boy’s family, no matter what her qualities are. The Bad Effect of Dowry System Paragraph: According to the Oxford Dictionary: Dowry means demanding illegal money from the bride by the bridegroom. The 60 students enrolled in the Sociology batch at St Joseph's College in Shanti Nagar received study material about the 'dowry menace' in the country. It is acting upon our social life and has degraded womanhood in our country. It is acting upon our social life and has degraded womanhood in our country. The dowry system started as a civilized applies to assist ladies financially, as they steady evil in a brand new section of their lives. The poor parents cannot marry their daughters off due to lack of dowry. Essay On Dowry System | Dowry System Effects | 500+ Words | EduAssams.com - EduAssams.com This Dowry system affects our society. 6. 2dr. Marriage is an integral part of society, a source of joy and festivities as well as of new beginnings. The dowry system is largely condemned and even legally banned in some societies. These limitations again severely deplete the pool of marriageable men leading to similar consequences for demanding dowry. The Bad Effect of Dowry Paragraph– suitable for for class 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, JSC, 9, 10, SSC, 11, 12, HSC. It is most often the mandatory custom of a girl’s parents having to provide a considerable amount of cash, gold in the form of jewelry, electronic equipment, movable or immovable properties, to the groom and his family, at the time of marriage. I love to teach, write & travel. After reading this post, you can write 1. Dowry system entails giving huge amount of cash, jewellery and other gifts to the groom’s family by the bride’s parents as a condition at the time of marriage. Oftentimes it leads to abuse and violence. Cons Dowry and brideprice are associated with domestic violence against women. Illiteracy, poverty, and greed of the bridegroom are the main causes of this heinous system. It is important or all of us to emphasize on educating the girls in order to fight widespread social evils like dowry. Brides being burned by the in-laws are hardly a novelty in this country. This has created a great problem in society and has caused the marriage of girls in many families difficult. Dowry system is very common in the Terai region but is spreading to other parts of the country as well. Inferiority of women has been impressed upon the minds of the nation time and again by the demands of dowry. Physical and behavioral restrictions are imposed on girls that are completely natural for boys. a. sreelatha 2professor ,saveetha school of law ,saveetha institute of medical and In almost all cases, the practice directly or indirectly oppresses women. Our ancestors started this system for valid reasons but now it is leading to issues and problems in society. Injustice towards Girls. House Cleaning The wealth and p… Dowry system is very common in the Terai region but is spreading to other parts of the country as well. Dowry payments force parents to disinvest in female human capital. Social Constraints – Aside from similar religious backgrounds, further constrains are imposed based on caste system and social status. • At over 2000 dowry-related deaths per year, and annual rates exceeding 2.45 deaths per 100,000 women from dowry- related violence, Pakistan has the highest reported number of dowry death rates per 100,000 women in the world. So, during the marriage ceremony, some greedy people claim such properties and money from the guardians of the brides. (617) 780-6831; hello@houseblisscleaning.com; MY ACCOUNT; Home; About us. The effects/ impact of dowry system is discussed below: Initiates gender imbalance: When we speak of gender inequality in the nation, dowry system can be considered the catalyst for this issue. Raises the status of women in family: . This system has affected our whole society. should uproot this-evil system from the whole society immediately. There also is the need to promote the need for educating the girl children. I am a professional Blogger, SEO Expert, Web Developer, Publisher & Digital Marketer. They need to realise the fact that in today’s society women are perfectly capable of doing anything that men can. (Write at least five sentences), Your First Day at School Paragraph: Assignment for class 7, The Story Of Lipi: Completing Story: Assignment for class 9, Grocery shopping paragraph: assignment for class 6, This person is unavailable on Messenger (How To Fix). It breeds greed for money and social unrest. Although such allegations are taken very seriously by the authorities, lack of proper investigative procedures often leads to the accused going free. Education and self-dependence of women – education is not just required to find your vocation in life, it is essential to gain eyes and ears to a world beyond the one you can immediately see. Pakistan. Consequently, many of them get divorced or commit suicide. Preferred matches have to belong to the same caste, different clan and same or higher social standings. Moreover that it is still an issue which can be sort out from the four walls of house and violence is considered as … Social Awareness – creating a widespread awareness against the evils of the dowry system is key first step towards eradicating the practice.Campaigns should be designed to reach the deepest strata of the society and aim to spread knowledge about the legal provisions against dowry. Gender imbalance – the much abhorred practices like abortion of female fetuses and killing of girl babies have resulted into an unnaturally skewed child sex ratio (CSR) in India. 1. Hi, I'm Azad Hossen, the founder of this site wikilogy & many more online ventures. Inability by the girl’s family often leads to verbal abuse, domestic violence and even deaths. Those who are poor and illiterate girls mainly become victims of the dowry system. This ideal is so ingrained in the psyche of a large number of Indians, they either practically ruin themselves financially in order to pay for the appropriate price of the chosen groom, or make a bid to eradicate the prospect of this financial burden by selective gender-biased abortion or female infanticide.This exploitative system that has turned the custom of giving gifts and well wishes into a compulsory demand for money, respect and subjugation, is the one of the major contributing factors hindering the growth of the Indian society where being a woman is still viewed synonymous to being a burden. The system should, therefore, not be entirely ignored or banned with the view of its disadvantages only. The “dowry” is a payment from the bride’s parents to the bride 2. The Bad Effect of Dowry System Paragraph: According to the Oxford Dictionary: Dowry means demanding illegal money from the bride by the bridegroom. They will also be able to strive for self-dependence and not view marriage as their only salvation. It is an unbearable burden for poor parents. Moreover, many times their greedy husbands kill them. You can also subscribe without commenting. 15. The sum to be paid as dowry has no set standard, the yardstick greatly depends on the groom’s profession/social standing and is often perceived as the groom’s family as the compensation of efforts they have made to educate their boy. A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts, or money at the marriage of a daughter (). If the guardians fail to fulfill the demand of their bridegroom, they often misbehave with their wives. This has created a great problem in society and has caused the marriage of girls in many families difficult. The main reason of this practice is the lower mentality of the guardian of the bridegroom. a. Injustice towards girls – dowry bears a huge financial obligation for the bride’s family. c. Status of women –practices like dowry are social evils and a huge deterrent towards improvement of social status of women in India. Greed Factor – dowry demands often is exemplary of the collective greed of the society. I want to make my career as a doctor. Smile☺ & be loved❤. Social Status of Women – the inferior social standing of women in Indian society is so deep-rooted in the psyche of the nation, that this treatment of them as mere commodities is accepted without question, not only by the family but by the women themselves. Read also> Drug Addiction Paragraph & Bad Effect of Drug Addiction. Effects of Dowry System. Govt. Demands are continuously made by the husband’s family who consider the girl’s family as a never ending source of finance. Furthermore, she explains the effects of dowry system that can be seen on the mental and physical health of the newly wed bridegroom (Bhusal). Causes of Dowry System Dowry practice has become so scary that the lives of so many rich and poor families have been destroyed. Our Story; Join our Team; Services. The females are also human beings like men. Besides, we should make common people aware of its bad effects. © 2020 wikilogy.com | All Rights Reserved, Dowry System Paragraph; The Bad Effect of Dowry, Drug Addiction Paragraph & Bad Effect of Drug Addiction, Letter to the editor stating the cause of hijacking and solution, Mother Teresa Paragraph For All Class Students, Co-curricular Activities Paragraph- for all class students, Application to arrange safe drinking water for the students, Class 9 Assignment English- Class nine 4th 5th Week Answer/ Solution, Letter about what you intend to do after SSC Examination, Bayazid’s Love for His Mother Story/ Bayazid’s devotion to his mother, Your Favourite Personality (Zahir Raihan) Paragraph, Justify the title of the poem “Holding Hands”. 4. Keep smiling while you have the teeth. Along with the caste system dowry system is widely practised but still criticized in India. Urge to Show Off – dowry is often a means for showing off social stature in our country. The Dowry Prohibition Act was passed on 20th May, 1961 with an aim to eradicate the evil practice from the society. Despite a lot being said and done against the custom, it is still prevalent in the 21st century, in both subtle and obvious ways. 4. Long Term Effects of Dowry System – the short term effects lead to the following long-term consequences. Dowry system has become a vast problem in our society. Demands are put forward shamelessly and are expected to be met with silence. These people live hand to mouth. I believe females are not objected to being brought and sold like commodities. 2. This system has affected our whole society. Dowry can lead to higher male human capital investment. Effects of Dowry System Presently you may have been seeing how oppressive women are being exploited due to dowry practices. As a consequence, a girl child is viewed a possible source of drain on the family’s finances, ultimately an onus. Injustice against women – contrary to hopeful parents, dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts, money... In-Laws are hardly a novelty in this browser for the next time i.! Husband’S family dowry system effects consider the girl’s family as well rights will enable them to speak up practice... Widespread fear anti-dowry laws also to discourage this practice this requires strict and ruthless enforcement of such societal structure women! The GENERAL society REV is leading to onus killed by their husbands the outlook of the society bride’s.. Marriageable men leading to major decline in economic health society harms a lot to be desired especially! Marriage of his daughter without giving dowry to the same caste, different and... 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