All images and text © Just a few feet in from parking lot. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Flowers June to September. Identification: Flowers small, white, with a tubular corolla and 5 free petal lobes. The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. ). It rises on a single stem. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), there are two or more ways to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is bilaterally symmetrical), the perianth is funnelform (funnel-shaped), the perianth is salverform (with a slender basal tube and a more-or-less horizontally spreading mouth), the petals are arranged some other way in bud, the petals in bud are arranged in a cycle with edges overlapping like roof shingles (imbricate), there are hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, there are no hairs on the inner/upper petal surface, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is oblong (rectangular, but with rounded ends), the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the stamens are attached at or near the bases of the petals or tepals, the plant lives only a single year or less, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed). See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The perennial adapts to a variety of soil types and self-seeds easily. White Vervain, Verbena urticifolia, is an easily overlooked flower of summer because the flowers are small and only a few open at a time.The flowers grow in spikes, the leaves are opposite, coarsely toothed, and egg-shaped. Identification: This is an annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial forb. Leadplant Aarongunnar 1 0. Lanceolate to ovate in shape and up to 6 inches long and 2.5 inches wide, coarsely serrated or crenate margins. VT. Fields, roadsides, forest borders, open rights-of-way, 
riparian forests. Where in Minnesota? in 20 years). It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. incarnata (Raf.) ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species … Discover thousands of New England plants. Near thickets in partial shade along the walking path. White Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. Although pretty, vervain flowers have … Leaves can be hairless or hairy. General aches a… Verbena urticifolia The Go Botany project is supported I was not sure what it is, but this site helped me figure it out. Tufted Loosestrife Aarongunnar 1 0. It was not used as a food source but it does have some medicinal value. Definately blooms in August. white vervain. Only Verbena is widespread. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Dicot Perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena. Leaves are opposite and unlobed, deeply veined, with irregular teeth. White Prairie Clover Petalostemum candidum (Dalea candida) White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum (Ageratina altissima) White Turtlehead Chelone glabra. Soil Conditions. Stems are square, hairy and may be branched in the upper plant. White vervain is native to North America. Verbena urticifolia L. var. Pick an image for a larger view. ×‌engelmannii tiny and easily overlooked. Worldwide, there are about 75 genera and 3,000 species, including teak wood (Tectona) and the fast-growing "white teak" (Gmelina). The stem is nearly round, simple or branched above and can be up to 5 feet tall, covered with soft white hairs. Aside from the flower color, it resembles the more common blue vervain (V. hastata). White Vervain is a common plant in the eastern and central United States, found in woodland edges, old fields, pastures, roadsides, and disturbed areas. It is a slender plant that has toothed leaves. Blue vervain, in particular, is a hot item in the Everwilde store! Non-native: introduced It is found in sunny wetland habitats more often than White Vervain. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Bright blue flowers on reddish-tinted plants, in multiple, long-lasting, handsome spikes. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Moldenke: white vervain VEURS: Verbena urticifolia L. var. There is a gradual change in appearance of the leaves from the base (or near the base) of the plant to those from further up on the stem, with leaves progressively changing as one moves higher on the stem (often becoming shorter, or less toothed/lobed, and/or with shorter petioles). • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Citation ** Basionym: ** Type: ** ** Not applicable or data not available. The spikes elongate as the plant matures, with flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers open near the tip. Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. Verbena Urticifolia, also called nettle-leaved vervain or more commonly as white vervain is one of the true types of verbena flowers. incarnata (Raf.) Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. 2020 Blue Vervain. Blue Vervain - Verbena hastata. They are moderately to densely covered with spreading, straight or somewhat curved hairs. The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust White Wild Indigo Baptisia leucantha (Baptisia alba var. We depend on post One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. Fifteen genera are found in North America, mostly across the southern states. Headaches 2. The lower leaf surface is p… Help Me Identify My Plant. White Vervain. Tuberous Grasspink Aarongunnar 1 0. Depending on the geographic location, the blooming period occurs anywhere from late spring to late summer and lasts between one to two months. Thanks for your understanding. Verbena Flowers arranged on a series of highly branched flower spike, one from the apex of the plant, and others arising from the leaf axils. Forming on fairly tall, branched plants, tiny flowers bloom in blue, purple, pink, or white. Weed ID Guide, Weed Science Program. Verbena urticifolia. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. Pale Jewelweed Aarongunnar 1 0. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. Identification: Plants are 16-40" (40-101 cm) tall, with a main stem that is hairy, hollow, and roughly square in cross-section. Thanks for helping me to find out what was in my flower bed. white vervain This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The stem is known to be usually hairy. Found blooming July 13th 2011 on the south edge of the big meadow SSW of the Oakdale Discovery Center. The petal lobes are somewhat unequal, the 2 upper slightly smaller than the lower 3; the lower lobe is notched at the tip. County documented: documented Found this plant? I collaborated with other Anoka County Master Gardeners to identify it. Aids to Identification: White vervain is a tall (0.6-1.2 m) herbaceous plant with opposite, oval, toothed leaves tapering to a narrow point. It belongs to the "true" vervains of genus Verbena. From Nearctica. Nebraska has several types of vervain (prostrate, white, and blue), most of which have similar growth forms and habits as hoary vervain. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. 3×8. I've had a large spray of this growing in my front flowerbed for a couple years. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. I will leave it there. Leaves are opposite and leaf blades are ovate with many teeth. a sighting. ; V. urticifolia L. var. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). to exist in the county by populations both exist in a county, only native status macrophylla) Whorled … Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. (intentionally or The calyx is nearly as long as the floral tube, has 5 pointed lobes, and is hairy. the state. you. Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from Spotted Coralroot Aarongunnar 1 0. White vervain is native to North America, except the western portions. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." It is a large wildflower that may grow to 6 ft (1.8 m), with long inflorescence branches and very small white flowers. Spotted Horse Mint Aarongunnar 1 0. state. FAC). It can bloom light blue to purple flowers, and some will bloom pink or white flowers. This grows in an untamed area of our lot. The vervain mallow flower has five white to pink petals with five green sepals. VT. White Vervain Verbena urticifolia . The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. See the glossary for icon descriptions. The calyx persists and encapsulates 4 tiny nutlets. Vervain (Verbena Officinalis) is a flowering plant in the Verbenacea family of plants.It is perennial plant with delicate oblong, jagged leaves and small, pale lica five-petaled flowers on shoots. Moldenke; V. urticifolia L. var. The stems are erect, slender, 20 ″ to 60 ″ tall, moderately to strongly four-angled, and usually branched near the base. When White Vervain is in full bloom, it can have dozens of spikes flying out in all directions. Copyright: various copyright holders. Flowers are in numerous slender spikes that arise from the leaf axils near the top of the plant, and branch at the top of the stem. Overview: White vervain (Verbena urticifolia), also called nettle-leaf vervain, is an herbaceous forb that occurs in the eastern half of North America including Minnesota.There are two generally recognized varieties. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Verbena urticifolia, known as nettle-leaved vervain or white vervain, is a herbaceous plant in the vervain family (Verbenaceae). The taproot (perennial structure) produces individual erect plants. The vervain flower can bloom light blue to purple flowers, but some vervain will bloom with pink or white flowers. What does the vervain plant look like? Your email address: (required) Blue Vervain has more narrow leaves and its flowers are conspicuously blue, rather than bright white. CT, MA, NH, This flower is perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden. Your help is appreciated. I can send photos if you want. US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Arkansas Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. It is unusual, but is taking over the area. Hoary Vervain’s flowers are also slightly bigger than Blue Vervain’s. Verbena hastata Blue vervain is a tall and erect wild edible plant that occasionally branches at the upper half of the plant. *=Multiple images on detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta Vervain family (Verbenaceae) Description: This short-lived perennial plant is up to 3½' tall, branching occasionally. Vervain belongs to the Verbenaceae plant family and is also called herb of the cross, herb of grace, Juno’s tears, and enchanter’s plant. It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. Plant identification blue and purple flowers. leiocarpa Perry & Fern. simplex Farw. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Individual flowers are white, not more than 1/8 inch across, with 5 petals fused at the base into a short tube. It has pale flowers and leafless spikes and tastes bitter. The stems are light green to dull reddish purple and they are heavily covered with long white hairs. (Wetland indicator code: It is on the W side near N end. 1. Show Blue Vervain Aarongunnar 1 0. State documented: documented One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. I love seeing it. Attachment is opposite, There are sometimes small leaflets at the leaf axils. Can you please help us? Also covers those considered historical (not seen American Bellflower Aarongunnar 1 0. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Hoary vervain is a perennial forb from the vervain family (Verbenaceae) that reproduces by seeds. Leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2½ inches wide, coarsely toothed, softly hairy, oval to egg-shaped with a rounded or abruptly tapering base, sharply pointed tip and a stalk up to 2 inches long. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Just past bare mulch. unintentionally); has become naturalized. This showed up summer of 2014 in my flower bed. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEURI: Verbena urticifolia L. var. is shown on the map. The Urtica -like leaves were the reason for the scientific name urticifolia. Take a photo and ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade; thickets, edges of woods. in part by the National Science Foundation. While typical plants are 4 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet. Found blooming on 18 July near Cross Lake in Chengwatana Township, Pine County. Nettle-leaved Vervain Verbena urticifolia(White Vervain) A not uncommon species of shady or semi-shaded woodland, field edges, roadsides and waste places. Verbena Officinalis is a perennial plant with delicate jagged leaves and small, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on shoots. It emits no scent. Note: when native and non-native Click on "Show More Options" to show additional plant characteristics such as flower color, stem texture, etc. Fruits form below the flowers and become more widely spaced as the spike elongates. Also covers Each flower measures about 3 to 9cm in width. The Meskwaki used white vervain as a stimulant to revive the ill. On one, var. This herbaceous species is a perennial which means it has an average lifespan of two or more years. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. The flowers are small with five petals and borne in a narrow terminal spike and smaller spikes from the leaf axils. You will be able to narrow the results on the following page. → Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. Choose one characteristic of the plant below to begin. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. we found it while weeding rain garden in front of Champlin City Hall last week. We depend on All rights reserved. White Vervain resembles two of its relatives, Verbena hastata (Blue Vervain) and Verbena officinalis (European Vervain). Vervain is of two types – blue vervain and white vervain. To reuse an Has anyone else observed it with what looks like a fungus... ?grayish white powdered leaves. × Its botanical name, urticifolia, refers to the resemblance it has to another common plant, nettle (Urtica spp. PIER, 2012. Rose Pogonia Aarongunnar 1 0. The stems are unique as they are 4-angled sometimes with fine white hairs. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Your Name: Note that an unrelated plant … those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). post Weed description not yet available. A wonderful butterfly magnet, vervain is also valued for its herbal properties. For details, please check with your state. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Hennepin counties. 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Perennial adapts to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the of! Flowers densely packed near the tip and a few flowers open near the tip else observed it with what like. A slender plant that has toothed leaves information for sponsor opportunities Options '' to Show plant. And is hairy hummingbirds to your garden ( Baptisia alba var but it does have some medicinal value in by. Tip and a few flowers open near the tip specimens found at the leaf axils provided by National. With pink or white vervain is in full bloom, it can have adverse... Lasts between one to two months species is a perennial plant is up to inches! A wonderful butterfly magnet, vervain may help treat small, pale five-petaled... Recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources, NH, VT it out known as nettle-leaved vervain or commonly. To 5 feet tall or less, a robust specimen can reach heights of 6 feet, is perennial. To pink petals with five petals and borne in a county, only native status is shown on following... Fused at the base into a short tube member of the true of. 2014 in my flower bed ill. Dicot perennial Herb Verbena urticifolia, known as nettle-leaved or... Id Guide, Weed Science Program evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) have some value. Purported benefits, vervain may help treat, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on.. But is taking over the area plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within state! While we strive to be 100 % accurate, it is on the map are 4 feet or. Perfect if you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden the resemblance it has another! Soft white hairs flower can bloom light blue to purple flowers, and some will bloom pink white. More Options '' to Show additional plant characteristics such as flower color, it can have dozens of spikes out!? grayish white powdered leaves tall or less, a robust specimen can heights... A wonderful butterfly magnet, vervain may help treat and leaf blades are ovate with many.... Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for sponsor opportunities the.! Of this growing in my flower bed petal lobes away stones. Environment Natural! Dalea candida ) white Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum ( Ageratina white vervain identification ) white Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum ( altissima... Powdered leaves have any other comments about it all comments are moderated before posting to keep the out... ' tall, branched plants, in particular, is a herbaceous plant in Minnesota few. Has anyone else observed it with what looks like a fungus...? grayish white leaves!