Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in terms of pressure in the Atlantic Ocean.It destroyed parts of the Yucatán Peninsula and southern Florida during October in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season.Wilma broke several records for both strength and seasonal activity. Surface buoy reports indicated that, due to its large size, the system failed to strengthen beyond tropical depression status, even though it received tropical storm strength Dvorak classifications from The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Satellite Analysis Branch. Over the period from 2310 UTC to 0433 UTC, the central pressure fell from 954 mb to 901 mb, which is a deepening rate of 9.9 mb per hour. [25] About 26 hours after making landfall on Cozumel, Wilma emerged into the southern Gulf of Mexico near Cabo Catoche with winds of about 100 mph (160 km/h). ", "Hurricane Wilma Public Advisory Seventeen", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Resúmen de la temporada de ciclones tropicales 2005, 1ra parte", Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico), "Hurricane Wilma Discussion Twenty-Seven", "Resúmen del Huracán "Wilma" del Océano Atlántico", "Hurricane Wilma Special Discussion Thirty-Eight", "Tropical Storm Alpha Tropical Cyclone Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meteorological_history_of_Hurricane_Wilma&oldid=989698621, Meteorological histories of individual tropical cyclones, Articles with dead external links from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:19. The depression drifted southwestward, and under favorable conditions, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Wilma on October 17. On October 21, 2005, Wilma slowly crossed over Cozumel as a strong Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds reported at up to 230 kilometers per hour (144 miles per hour) by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. The pressure continued to fall as the Hurricane Hunters left the hurricane, and it is possible the pressure was slightly lower. [1], The depression tracked slowly westward, a motion due to weak steering currents caused by a high pressure area to its north across the Gulf of Mexico. On October 18, 2005, Wilma went from tropical storm to hurricane status. Wilma slowly weakened as it drifted over the northeast Yucatan. Wilma developed in the Caribbean Sea just southwest of Jamaica on October 15 from a large area of disturbed weather. Below is a calendar Wilma weakened over the Yucatán Peninsula, and reached the southern Gulf of Mexico before accelerating northeastward. It weakened slightly as it continued northwestward, and struck the Mexican mainland near Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo, at 0330 UTC on October 22, with winds of 135 mph (217 km/h)[1] and gusts of up to 170 mph (270 km/h). [14] It continued to intensify, and at 1200 UTC on October 18, Wilma attained hurricane status while located about 225 miles (362 km) south-southeast of Grand Cayman. The storm's 882 millibars of pressure broke the record low of 888 set by Hurricane … Description: This map created by FCIT shows the track of hurricane Wilma in 2005. [1] The system continued to organize, with the National Hurricane Center remarking the system could ultimately become a hurricane. [33] The remaining convection continued to diminish, and by late on October 25 Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while located about 230 miles (370 km) southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and still at Category 1 intensity. [1] At the time, the pressure measured 892 mbar (26.34 inHg), the second-lowest known pressure for a Category 4 hurricane (Super Typhoon Judy had an 887 mb pressure at peak intensity), and Wilma retained the large eyewall as it turned northwestward. [31], Shortly after its secondary peak intensity, the wind shear, combined with its rapid forward motion of 50 mph (80 km/h), resulted in a steady weakening trend. Hurricane Delta followed an eerily similar development path to Wilma in early October, rapidly intensifying in a 24-hour stretch only to eventually batter the Yucatan Peninsula. Hurricane Wilma affected parts of northeast Mexico that had been struck by Hurricane Stan just two weeks earlier, as well as Hurricane Emily in July. The path of Hurricane Wilma crossed through the ranges of many North American migratory birds, most notably the Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) which annually migrates from as far north as Canadian Maritime provinces south to the Yucatan Peninsula. Convection deepened around the eyewalls,[27] and the inner core of convection, which had previously become disrupted over land, became slightly better defined. Wilma's destructive journey began in the second week of October 2005. By late on October 15, the system was sufficiently organized for the National Hurricane Center to designate it as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four. By late on October 15, the system was sufficiently organized for the National Hurricane Centerto designate it as Tropical Depre… [12] Late on October 17, a Hurricane Hunters flight into Wilma recorded winds of 50 mph (80 km/h), but an unusually low pressure of 989 mbar (29.21 inHg), which would be more typical of a minimal hurricane. By October 26, it transitioned into an extratropical cyclone, and the next day, the remnants of Wilma were absorbed by another extratropical storm over Atlantic Canada. Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin on record in terms of minimum barometric pressure, with an atmospheric pressure of 882 hPa (mbar, 26.05 inHg). [1][20] Initially, the hurricane was forecast to re-intensify into a Category 5 hurricane,[21] with one forecast predicting it to make landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula with winds of 165 mph (266 km/h),[22] though Wilma remained a strong Category 4 hurricane as it tracked northwestward. ACCOMPANIED BY THE STRONGEST WINDS... WILL REACH THE SOUTHWESTERN COAST OF FLORIDA ABOUT 2 HOURS BEFORE THE CENTER OF THE … At the time, Wilma was the strongest Atlantic hurricane in history, with winds near 175 miles per hour. At its peak intensity, the eye of Wilma was about 2.3 miles (3.7 km) in diameter, the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane. [6], As Tropical Depression Twenty-Four drifted southwestward, it steadily organized; by early on October 16, rainbands began to gradually consolidate with well-established outflow, and a large upper-level anticyclone developed over the depression. Detailed Meteorological Write-up on Hurricane Irma. The center of Wilma then drifted over the far northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula delivering torrential rains and strong winds. [19] Early on October 20 the hurricane weakened to Category 4 status after the small, inner eye dissipated and the 45-mile (72 km) wide outer eyewall became the dominant eye. This was due to unusually low pressures across the region, which resulted in a lesser pressure gradient and thus lighter winds. [26] Upon reaching open waters, Reconnaissance Aircraft reported the remains of an inner eyewall and an outer eyewall oscillating between 70 and 90 miles (110 and 140 km) in diameter. [1], Meteorological history of Hurricane Katrina, Effects of Hurricane Wilma in the Bahamas, "Hurricane Wilma Tropical Cyclone Report", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "October 13 Tropical Weather Outlook 21z", "October 14 Tropical Weather Outlook 09z", "October 14 Tropical Weather Outlook 21z", "October 15 Tropical Weather Outlook 15z", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion One", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Two", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Three", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Five", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Six", "Did Hurricane Wilma have 209 mph sustained winds? The central pressure rapidly dropped 54 mbar (1.65 inHg) from 0000 to 0600 UTC, and at 0800 UTC, a Hurricane Hunters flight recorded a minimum central pressure of 884 mbar (26.10 inHg) in a dropsonde near the center of the extremely small eye. Hurricane Willa was a powerful tropical cyclone that brought torrential rains and destructive winds to southwestern Mexico, particularly the states of Sinaloa and Nayarit, during late-October 2018. This small eye was surrounded by a ring of deep convection, with cloud-top temperatures of about −125 Â°F (−87 Â°C). [23] At about 2145 UTC on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). showing daily rainfall from this cyclone as of 1200 UTC, or 8 a.m. EDT. [10] Deep convection continued to develop to the south of the center, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Wilma at 0600 UTC on October 17, while located about 200 miles (320 km) southeast of Grand Cayman. 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