Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as Chinese hawthorn, is a berry traditionally used to improve heart health. The active principles are chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, citric acid, crataegolic acid, maslinic acid, ursolic acid, and some saponins. Enter your email and we'll keep you on top of the latest nutrition research, supplement myths, and more. Date: 1 December 2005 (original upload date) Source: No machine-readable source provided. The fruit of C. pinnatifida has been used for the treatment of cardiodynia, hernia, dyspepsia, postpartum blood stasis, and hemafecia and thus increasing interest in this plant has emerged in recent years. Taken in Gyeonggi Provincial Museum, Yongin, in November 2005. Crataegus pinnatifida NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Representative examples include: (1) the dried fruits of hawthorn tree (Crataegus pinnatifida) with flavonoids and triterpenic acids (e.g., oleanic acid) that are thought to inhibit HMG-CoA reductase activity [101], repress intestinal acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activity [102], and enhance PPARα expression [103]. Click here to see the full set of references They are also used in traditional Chinese medicine for heart conditions. Akebia quinata - Chocolate Vine . Crataegus opaca MAYHAW Fruit Tree Seeds! RSC Adv. * Crataegus pinnatifida , also known as Chinese hawthorn ( The Chinese name literally means "mountain hawthorn"), refers to a small to a medium-sized tree as well as the fruit of the tree. The only limitation of this study pertains to not knowing the exact mechanism of action by these herbal products; however, the quite striking results warrant further investigation, since both fatty deposition and tissue injury were reversed. major N.E. 'Big ball' forms a small tree with beautiful young foliage that resemble coppery red flowers, Its abundant fruit is rich in vitamin C and is a good choice for Jams and jellies. The present study investigates the anti-inflammatory potential of flavonoid contents from dried fruit of C. pinnatifida (CF-Fs). - Zone 1 The Hawthorn is a thorny shrub or small tree that produces small red fruit and makes great deer proof hedges. Crataegus pinnatifida NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 19 May 2020, For a summary of the main sites of Chinese herbal action, see Figure 35.1. [Wikipedia, June 2013] Additionally, the fruits of 8 other Crataegus species including C. cuneata Sieb. It is in flower in May. which are nearly as large as crab apples. The fruit contains polyphenol compounds, such as epicatechin, that have anti-inflammatory activity. is a related species. You may recognize it from perhaps its more popular name, hawthorn.While this genus of shrub is varied, we are talking more specifically about crataegus monogyna, otherwise known as the common hawthorn.It is this variety which is most often used in traditional … Crataegus pinnatifida is sometimes recommended as a supplement to control lipid levels. 10.1039/C8RA05548C [Google Scholar] Grome J. Br. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneata (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese) is used in a similar manner. An Extract of Crataegus pinnatifida Fruit Attenuates Airway Inflammation by Modulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Ovalbumin Induced Asthma In Sik Shin , # 1, 2 Mee Young Lee , # 1 Hye Sun Lim , 1 Hyekyung Ha , 1 Chang Seob Seo , 1 Jong-Choon Kim , 2, * and Hyeun Kyoo Shin 1, * Western herbalists primarily use hawthorn for treatment of heart disease; this application has been adopted by Chinese herbalists as well. These species include C. pinntifida (China), C. pubesens (Mexico), C. cuneata (Japan), C. laevigata and C. monogyna (Europe), C. oxycantha and C. aronica (Middle East), C. phaenopyrum (America), and C. ambigua (Russia) [4,16]. Shanzha, known as the Hawthorn fruit in English, is one of the common traditional Chinese medicines, which was first recorded in Tang Materia Medica.Shanzha is the dried ripe fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. major N.E. Today, hawthorn species are mainly used for treating cardiovascular diseases, as well as a therapeutic agent for cancer, diabetes, and sexual weakness in Arab traditional medicine, and they are considered to be generally safe and well tolerated [6,61]. (5) Extracts of Lotus leaves (Folium nelumbinis nucifera) that contain alkaloids, phenolic acids (e.g., gallic acid) and polyphenols (e.g., rutin, the glycoside of quercetin and disaccharide rutinose) which decrease fatty acid synthase, acyl-CoA carboxylase and HMG-CoA reductase expression, and activate AMP-kinase signaling to inhibit the activity of these lipogenic enzymes in mice on a high fat diet [106]. Employing the standard Lieber-DeCarli diet for up to 10 weeks, with the herbal medicine delivered orally in the last 4 weeks at three different doses (222, 667, and 2000 mg kg−1), the group showed that the herbal mixture significantly reduced the alcohol-induced elevation of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), TG, and cholesterol levels in a dose-dependent manner. major was extracted with 70% ethanol; the ethanol extract was chromatographed on a D101 macroporous resin to obtain a sugar-free aqueous extract (AECP). There have been no human studies done on Crataegus pinnatifida, and the two main effects of the plant, reduced lipid absorption and allergy relief, have not been linked to any bioactive compounds in the plant. Br. Though preliminary evidence suggests the fruit and leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida are a promising heart supplement, there is not enough evidence for its effects to specifically recommend the plant for supplementation. (6) Extracts of notoginseng (Panax notoginseng) roots that contain 27 different saponins (including ginsenosides, notoginsenosides, and gypenosides), as well as polysaccharides, flavonoids, and phytosterols [107,108]. ROS, reactive oxygen species; MDA, malondialdehyde; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α. 2.5 out of 5 stars 2 ratings. The ingestion of hawthorn extract causes mild induction of P-gp activity, but this induction does not necessarily result in decreased absorption of P-gp-dependent substrates, such as digoxin. This page features 36 references. C. pinnatifida produces an edible fruit used by some Chinese in its fresh or dried form to lower plasma lipids [21], and the dried fruit of C. pinnatifida has also been incorporated into soft drinks in Taiwan [22]. D. Gyamfi, ... V.B. Crataegus pinnatifida - Chinese Hawthorn. The fruit is sold whole (processed with sugar) and has also been made into several popular food products in the form of sugared strips that are eaten as a confection. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Crataegus pinnatifida (Hawthorn) is widely distributed in China and has a long history of use as a traditional medicine. $4.05. It is deciduous. We have a strict editorial process. Despite the variety name, Crataegus pinnatifida var. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid. var major N.E.Br., or C. pinnatifida Bge. Hawthorn berry (Crataegus pinnatifida), approved as ‘medicine food homology’ fruit by China’s National Health Commission, has been associated with positive effects on human health.In‐depth study of nutritional composition and antioxidant capacity can provide basic information on food value of Chinese organic frozen (OFHB)/freeze‐dried (OFDHB) hawthorn berries. manufacturers, food companies, and industry funders. Crataegus is the group name for different types of shrub which have a red berry-type fruit and, most often, thorny branches. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. J Tradit Chin Med 1984;4:293-94. העוזרר הוא עץ מקומי וותיק בארץ ונקרא בערבית עוזרד. SD0521 Crataegus Pinnatifida Seeds, Chinese Hawthorn Seeds, Hawthorn Seeds, Non-Genetically Modified Seeds (20 Seeds) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. (2007) administered a herbal mixture containing eight Chinese herbs during concomitant alcohol feeding and demonstrated a significant reduction in serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, hyaluronic acid levels, and tissue collagen levels. Crataegus pinnatifida var. Hawthorn also inhibits the biosynthesis of thromboxane A2, and it could potentially increase the risk of bleeding in patients taking antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents. Var. Current stock available as conventional bare root tree with 5/8" caliper העוזרר הסיני הוא עץ קטן (עד 3 מ'), נשיר, בעל עלים גדולים. This cultivar of Crataegus pinnatifida is becoming very popular as it produces unusually big fruits. Atherosclerotic rats were fed a high-fat diet and injected with vitamin D3 and ovalbumin. Osthole (7-methoxy-8-isopentenoxycoumarin) is an active constituent isolated from the fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson, a Chinese herbal medicine and normally used for a variety of ailments. Xie et al. F ull sun will ensure the ripening of the fruits, which resemble Crab apples. Author: No machine-readable author provided. 2011). The fruit is bright red, 1.5 inches in diameter. As an adjunct treatment for congestive heart failure, hawthorn has been reported to have beneficial effects on symptom control and physiologic outcomes (Tauchert, 2002), but the efficacy and safety of its supposed inotropic activity and effect on morbidity and mortality have not been systematically assessed. שימו לב לשם הבוטני Crataegus Pinnatifida. Var. … Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Crataegus pinnatifida is sometimes recommended as a supplement to control lipid levels. Important findings included major reductions in serum ALT and AST and hepatic triglyceride levels. In China and Korea, hawthorn fruit (C. pinnatifida Bunge var. העוזרר הוא עץ מקומי וותיק בארץ ונקרא בערבית עוזרד. to see the full set of research information and references for Crataegus pinnatifida. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. They are also stuffed in piñatas broken during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas, and they are cooked with other fruits in a Christmas punch. (2009, 2010) examined the effect of osthole and its effect on KC activation/TNF-α and PPAR-α involvement in the inflammatory stage of ALD. Var. Background: Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) is a Chinese medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia.Recently, studies indicated free radical scavenging was one of the major pathways to alleviate hyperlipidemia.